Coronavirus - Rolling News - Latest Government Updates

12th January 

When we began this feature, many months ago, we didn't think it would still be necessary to post news updates in 2021.  Sadly, it is. We were holding off posting this one as we hoped further details would be announced re the additional support but nothing has been so far. We'll keep you posted.  In the meantime... 

Grant for retail, hospitality and leisure sectors

The Chancellor announced on 5 January 2021 that new lockdown grants of up to £9,000 per property to support retail, hospitality and leisure businesses forced to close in England, with similar schemes available in the devolved administrations.  This is in addition to the local restrictions support grants.  Funding will be available through local councils.

The Government will provide:

  • £4,000 for businesses with a rateable value of £15,000 or under
  • £6,000 for businesses with a rateable value between £15,000 and £51,000
  • £9,000 for businesses with a rateable value of over £51,000

It is estimated that over 600,000 businesses could benefit from the cash injection, available via applications to local authorities.

More details are expected soon on how to access these grants.

Strategic Framework Business Fund

If your business is required to close by law or to significantly change its operations due to COVID-19 restrictions, you may be eligible to apply for grant funding.

Grant funding for eligible business will cover the period of any closures or restrictions with the earliest claim date being 2 November 2020. You can still apply even if you are required to close or modify your operations for less than 4 weeks. 

Applications to the Strategic Framework Business Fund should be made through your local authority.

Grants will be paid every 4 weeks in arrears as long as restrictions last. 

If your business is required to close by law, apply for the Temporary Closure grant: 

  • £2,000 if your business premises has a rateable value of up to and including £51,000
  • £3,000 if your business premises has a rateable value of £51,001 or above
  • An upper limit of £15,000 in total in any four-week period will apply to any eligible business operating multiple premises (after 1 January 2021, this limit will be removed)

If your business can remain open but is specifically required to modify its operations by law, for example having to close earlier than normal, apply for the Business Restrictions grant. 

This does not include where a demand for your products or services has been reduced because of the pandemic:

  • £1,400 if your business premises has a rateable value of up to and including £51,000
  • £2,100 if your business premises has a rateable value of £51,001 or above
  • An upper limit of £10,500 in total in any four-week period will apply to any eligible business operating multiple premises (after 1 January 2021, this limit will be removed)

Grants will be paid every 4 weeks in arrears.

Payments will be paid administered by local authorities, and you will not need to re-apply if restrictions are extended beyond four weeks.

When restrictions end, any final payment in arrears may be adjusted to reflect the duration of the restrictions to the nearest week.

For eligibility see further details here.


21st December

Extension of Furlough Scheme

The Chancellor of the Exchequer has confirmed that the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) has been extended until the end of April 2021 with the Government continuing to contribute 80% towards the salary of employees for hours not worked.

Employers will only be required to pay wages, National Insurance Contributions (NICS) and pensions for hours worked; and NICS and pensions for hours not worked. The eligibility criteria for the UK-wide scheme will remain unchanged and these changes will continue to apply to all Devolved Administrations.

Businesses will also be given until the end of March 2021 to access the Bounce Back Loan Scheme, Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme, and the Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme. These had been due to close at the end of January.

Further details can be found at


25th November

Tougher criteria for Self-Employed Income Support Scheme 

Many people may well have missed this, but if you have benefited from the SEISS already then you need to be aware that the criteria for claiming the third tranche of grant money from the government have been seriously stiffened, making it likely that fewer people will be able to make a claim. 

HMRC’s guidance states the tax authority is expecting an ‘honest assessment’ about whether or not the business will suffer a significant reduction in trading profits due to reduced business activity, capacity or demand or inability to trade due to coronavirus during the period 1 November to 29 January 2021, and applicants will be expected to keep evidence to support this.

Self employed individuals who were not eligible for the first and second grant based on the information in their self assessment tax returns, are not be eligible for the third. 

To make a claim for the third grant the business must have had a new or continuing impact from coronavirus between 1 November 2020 and 29 January 2021.

The third taxable grant is worth 80% of the applicant’s average monthly trading profits, paid out in a single instalment covering three months’ worth of profits, and capped at £7,500 in total.

Applications open from 30 November and claims must be made by  29 January 2021.

To qualify, applicants must have traded in both tax years 2018/19, and submitted a self assessment tax return on or before 23 April 2020 for that year, and 2019/20.

You can read more details about this here: if you are unsure, then please do get in touch with us.

Our thoughts on this is that the criteria HMRC have set out are still far too vague as a ‘significant reduction’ in profits can be interpreted in many different ways.  For example, is a 20% reduction in profits significant? For most self-employed individuals, we are sure they would say “yes” but will HMRC agree? 


There is also the difficulty caused by HMRC asking businesses to keep evidence of the reduction in profits they are experiencing.  For some, where profits are similar each year, it may be possible to prove a reduction by pointing at last year’s profits.  However, for businesses that have fluctuating profits, or were on track to grow before COVID, how can they possible provide evidence of this?


To us, it seems that these points have been left vague deliberately in an attempt to scare some off and reduce the numbers making a claim.  Whilst it is understandable that restrictions are put in place to ensure that funding is going to those that need it, the current approach is likely to put off a number of self-employed individuals that are eligible, but too worried about a visit from the tax man in the future.


24th November

Pay VAT deferred due to Covid-19

If you deferred your VAT payment between 20 March and 30 June 2020 you can pay now or get ready to opt in to the VAT deferral new payment scheme.

If you deferred VAT and still have payments to make you can:

 *   Pay the deferred VAT in full on or before 31 March 2021. Pay your deferred VAT here:
 *   Opt in to the VAT deferral new payment scheme when it launches in 2021
 *   Contact HMRC if you need more help to pay

New payment scheme

Instead of paying the full amount by the end of March 2021, you can make up to 11 smaller monthly instalments, interest free.  All instalments must be paid by the end of March 2022.  The scheme will allow you to:

 *   Pay your deferred VAT in instalments without adding interest
 *   Select the number of instalments from 2 to 11  equal monthly payments

To use this scheme you must still have deferred VAT to pay, be up to date with your VAT returns and be able to pay the deferred VAT by Direct Debit.

You cannot opt in yet. The online opt in process will be available in eary 2021.  You must opt in yourself, your agent (accountant) cannot do this for you.

The use of the new payment scheme does not prevent any other time to pay arrangement for other HMRC debts and outstanding tax.

13th November

Strategic Framework Business Fund

Gran support is to be provided to businesses closed or impacted by the recently implemented COVID-19 restrictions with new arrangements coming into effect from 2 November.

If eligible, you can apply for a:

  • temporary closure grant - £2,000 or £3,000 (depending on rateable value) if your business is required to close by law
  • business restriction grant - £1,400 or £2,100 (depending on rateable value) if your business can remain open but is specifically required to modify its operations by law, i.e. earlier closing times or demand for your products/services has been reduced because of the pandemic.

Grants will be paid every four weeks in arrears as long as restrictions last, with the first payment expected around 30 November.

You should apply for this through your local authority website.

Full details can be found here

Please get in touch with if you have any questions or need any assistance.

10th November

Bounce-back Loan top-up

If you have received a Bounce Back Loan which is less than the maximum entitlements (between £2,000 and 25% of your turnover up to a maximum of £50,000) then, from 10 November, you can apply for a top up to the maximum amount.  The top-up request must be made by 31 January 2021.

Full details of the Bounce Back Loan Scheme can be found here.

9th November

Culture Collective Fund

Creative Scotland have announced a fund to support a network of creative practitioners, organisations and communities, working together to create a positive difference locally and nationally in response to Covid-19.

Not for profit organisations, based in Scotland, whose work involves the arts, screens and creative industries can apply.

Apply to the Culture Collective Fund by 18 November here.

Grants if your business completes customs declarations

If your business completes customs declarations, you can apply for grants towards funding for recruitment, training and IT improvements.  The scheme closes for applications on 30th June 2021, or earlier if funding is fully allocated.  You can find full details here.

HMRC publish post-Brexit preparation guidance

HMRC have published copies of letters (dated 5th November 2020) sent to VAT-registered business in Great Britain trading within the EU and/or the rest of the world, highlighting actions they need to take to continue trading with the EU from 1 January 2021.
You can see a copy of the letter here.

If you have any question on the new requirements, please contact

5th November

Government extends Furlough to March and increases self-employed support

On 5th November the Chancellor Rishi Sunak has given some certainty with the furlough scheme now extended until the end of March.  This is a UK wide legislation and applies to all Scottish employers equally.

The planned Job Support Scheme is currently postponed as is the Job Retention Bonus.  The Job Retention Bonus is expected to be redeployed at the 'right time'.

The new extended furlough scheme:

 *   The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) will now run until the end of March with employees receiving 80% of their current salary for hours not worked.

 *   The policy is to be reviewed in January to determine whether the 80% support will be reduced (this will be based on the economic circumstances)

 *   Applies from 1 November

 *   There is no requirement to have previously used the CJRS scheme

 *   To be eligible, employees must have been on an employer's PAYE scheme at midnight on 30 October (reported via an FPS on or before this date).

 *   HMRC will reimburse 80% of furloughed workers wage costs, up to a cap of £2,500 per month.  The employer will need to pay the Employer's National Insurance and Employer's Pension contributions.  (like in August)

 *   Employers can top up wages

 *   Flexible furlough/part-time working is allowed as well as full furlough

 *   Usual hours

For previously eligible employees the usual hours remain as per the calculation for CJRS that ended 31 October.  This is the case even if the employer did not make a claim for the employee.

For newly eligible employees,usual hours will be:

    *   For fixed rate employees the contracted hours worked in the last pay period ending or before 30 October 2020.

    *   For variable pay employees the average

The usual hours are based on calendar days in the claim period.

 *   Businesses can claim either shortly before, during or after running payrolls.

 *   Claims can be made from 8am Wednesday 11 November.  Claims for November must be submitted by  no-later than 14 December 2020.  Each subsequent claim should be submitted by day 14 of the following month

 *   Employees who were employed and on the payroll on 23 September 2020, who were made redundant or stopped working, can be re-employed and claimed for.  The employer must have made an RTI submission from 20 March 2020 to 23 September 2020 notifying a payment of earning for those employees

 *   HMRC will publish details of employers making claims under CJRS from December onwards.  Full details of this are expected to be announced later.

Self-employed to get more financial support 

The Chancellor also updated the policy on the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) to provide the same level of support for the self-employed as is being provided for employees through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme.

The support is in the form of two further grants available for the periods covering:

 *   November 2020 to January 2021
 *   February 2021 to April 2021

To be eligible for the grant extension you must:

 *   have been previously eligible for the SEISS first and second grants (but you do not have to have claimed the previous grants)

 *   declare that you intend to continue to trade and either:
    -   are currently actively trading but are impacted by reduced demand due to coronavirus
    -   were previously trading but are temporarily unable to do so due to coronavirus.

The third grant will cover a 3 month period from 1 November 2020 to January 2021.  The Government will provide a taxable grant at 80% of 3 months average monthly trading profits.  This is paid out in a single instalment and capped at £7,500 in total.

The fourth grant amount for February 2021 to April 2021 will be confirmed in due course.

The Government also said payments will be made more quickly, with the claims window being brought forward from 14 December 2020 to 30 November 2020.
The grants are taxable income and subject to NIC.

You can access full details here.  

If you require any additional help, please do not hesitate to get in touch

28th October

Online portal to claim tax relief for working at home

Launched on 1st October, the online portal is designed to be simple to use and has been set up to process tax relief on additional expenses for employed workers who have been told to work from home by their employer to help stop the spread of coronavirus.  HMRC figures show it received more than 54,800 claims between 1 and 11 October.  If you haven't investigated this, it's well worth doing so.

From 6 April 2020, employers have been able to pay employees up to £6 a week tax-free to cover additional costs if they have had to work from home. Employees who have not received the working from home expenses payment direct from their employer can apply to receive the tax relief from HMRC and eligible taxpayers can claim tax relief based on the rate at which they pay tax.

For example, if an employed worker pays the 20% basic rate of tax and claims tax relief on £6 a week, they would receive £1.20 a week in tax relief (20% of £6 a week) while higher rate taxpayers would the receive £2.40 a week (40% of £6 a week). Over the course of the year, this could mean taxpayers can reduce the tax they pay by £62.40 or £124.80 respectively.
Employees do not need to provide evidence to show their bills have increased unless they are applying for tax relief on costs above the £6 per week flat rate, in which evidence of the increased costs may be required.

According to HMRC, the majority of tax relief claims are for repairing or replacing tools and branded uniforms, professional subscriptions and business mileage. Healthcare workers, people working in the food and retail sector and those in the construction industry are most likely to make a claim. HMRC is encouraging individuals claiming tax relief for working from home to apply directly via the portal.

Agents, such as M&S, will not be able to use the new service to apply for the relief on a client's behalf, which HMRC says is to ensure individuals receive 100% of the tax relief that is due. The tax authority says that in the 2018/19 tax year, more than 500,000 taxpayers (66% of total expense claims) applied for the tax relief using an agent rather than directly from HMRC and will have had to pay fees or commission. It points out that those who are paid through PAYE can claim directly to HMRC.

Once the application has been approved, the online portal will adjust an individual's tax code for the 2020 to 2021 tax year. The employee will receive the tax relief directly through their salary and will continue to receive the adjustment until March 2021.

HMRC is also reminding employed workers, for example healthcare workers and care home staff, that they can also claim tax relief on work-related expenses, including cleaning their work uniforms.
Employees who clean, replace or repair uniform or tools, or pay fees and subscriptions for their work can apply online directly to HMRC and see instantly if they are eligible for tax relief on work expenses. For more information, follow this link.

26th October

Coronavirus Restrictions Fund

The Scottish Government has announced that this fund has now been increased from £40 million to £48 million in funding for businesses and employees in Scotland affected by the temporary coronavirus (COVID-19) brake restrictions that came into effect on 9 October 2020. The one-off payments have increased accordingly. 

There are 2 funds available: 

  • business closure fund
  • business hardship fund - this will be decided on a case-by-case basis

The support funds will be administered by local authorities, providing one-off grants to hospitality and other businesses required to close by the brake restrictions regulations. 

More details here.  

Self-isolation Support Grant

This is for low income workers who are asked to self-isolate and would lose income if they needed to isolate.

The £500 grant will help those who have been asked by Test and Protect to isolate, following testing positive for coronavirus (COVID-19) or having been in close contact with someone who has tested positive. 

More details here

Adopt an Apprentice

More financial support is being provided to employers to take on apprentices who have been made redundant as a result of the pandemic.  

Payments for employers recruiting apprentices who have lost their jobs is being increased from £2,000 to £5,000 through the Scottish Government’s Adopt an Apprentice programme. 

More details here

22nd October

Winter Economy Plan – Update 

Further to the announcement by the Chancellor last month, significant changes have been announced today to the support being made available under the Winter Economy Plan.  Here is what we know so far:

Job Support Scheme

Previously in order to be eligible under this scheme, employees needed to work at least 33% of their usual hours.  This has now been reduced to a minimum of 20%.

Additionally, employers will no longer have to pay one third of the employees salary for the unworked time, instead having to pay just 5%.  Employees will still receive  66.67% of their pay for their unworked hours as the government will now fund the remaining 61.67% (up to a cap of £1,541.75 per month).

It has also been confirmed that large employers (with 250 or more employees) will have to meet a financial impact test in order to be eligible for the scheme.  There will be no such test for small and medium enterprises and charities.

Self Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS)

The rate of the two additional grant payments has doubled from 20% (up to a total of £1,875) to 40% (up to a total of £3,750).

20th October

Pandemic changes retirement plans

Coronavirus has altered the retirement plans of one in eight older workers, with one in three reporting a worse financial situation, according to research by the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

The think tank’s study covered some 10,000 people aged 50 and over and shows that 13% of older workers have already changed their planned retirement age as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
Of these, the majority (8%) are now planning to retire later than they had previously intended – with this being more common among those with a pension fund that has fallen in value, and those working from home. The remaining 5% are planning to retire earlier than they had previously intended, an option more common among richer households and those on furlough.

Almost a third report that their financial situation has worsened as a result of the crisis, with those who were already struggling financially (unsurprisingly) much more likely than those who are better off to report a worsening in their financial situation.

The study suggest fluctuations in stock markets will have hit the significant and growing minority of older people who hold some wealth in equities. Around 34% of older workers and 41% of retirees hold wealth directly in risky assets, while 54% of older workers have defined contribution pensions.

Rowena Crawford, an associate director at IFS, said: "The current pandemic risks having serious and long-term financial consequences for older workers, affecting living standards into and through retirement. The crisis has also been disruptive to major life plans, with one in eight older workers so far changing the age at which they planned to retire. Those on furlough are now more likely than those working to be planning to retire earlier and it will be important to monitor that this does not represent a rise in involuntary retirement among people discouraged from finding new work. On a positive note, those working from home are now more likely to be planning to retire later; suggesting changes to work practices could benefit some older workers."  However, with hundreds of thousands expected to lose their jobs in the next few weeks and months, this is a situation that could, and almost certainly will, change rapidly.


14th October

Training for people facing redundancy and unemployment

There is a £25 million National Transition Training Fund available to help up to 10,000 people aged 25 and over to develop the skills required to move into sectors with the greatest potential for future growth and job opportunities.  

The first phase of the National Transition Training Fund will be administered by Skills Development Scotland (SDS) on behalf of Scottish Government, with work coaches from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and PACE advisers from SDS providing advice and support. Two further strands will launch this autumn.

The Fund is open to anyone aged 25 or over who is unemployed, economically inactive or at risk of unemployment due to the impact of Covid-19.

To find out more, visit this website, or call 0800 917 8000.

13th October

The expanded Job Support Scheme for firms required to close

After the chancellor's announcement last week, we have been asked by a few clients about this. The basic facts are that the:

  • Job Support Scheme will be expanded to support businesses across the UK required to close their premises due to coronavirus restrictions
  • government will pay two thirds of employees’ salaries to protect jobs over the coming months
  • cash grants for businesses required to close in local lockdowns also increased to up to £3,000 per month

However, the devil is, as always, in the detail, and the details are not all fully available yet. As the website says, "Further guidance on the scheme will be set out by HMRC in due course."  In the meantime, the details we have are available at this link.

12th October

Covid-19: guidance on furlough job retention bonus

HMRC has published guidance on how businesses can claim the government’s £1,000 job retention bonus, available to employers who keep furloughed workers on the payroll for the next three months.
The bonus is a £1,000 one-off taxable payment to the employer, for each eligible employee that was furloughed and kept continuously employed until 31 January 2021.

Employers will still be able to claim under the scheme, set to cost the Treasury £9bn, even if they are also receiving support from the recently announced job support scheme which will launch on 1 November.

The bonus is available to any employer who has furloughed employees and made an eligible claim for them through the coronavirus job retention scheme (CJRS).

The employee must have been eligible for the CRJS grant for the employer to be eligible for the bonus, and it is not payable to any employer who repaid a CJRS grant.

The guidance details the arrangements for employees who have been transferred from another employer, and those who are not employees but classified as office holders or agency workers.

There is a minimum income threshold the employer must pay the employee.

This is a total of at least £1,560 (gross) throughout the tax months 6 November to 5 December 2020; 6 December 2020 to 5 January 2021; and 6 January to 5 February 2021.

Before employers can claim the bonus, they will to need to have reported all payments made to employees between 6 November 2020 and 5 February 2021 to HMRC through full payment submissions via real time information (RTI).

Businesses must include payments they receive under the scheme as income when calculating their taxable profits for income tax and corporation tax purposes, but can deduct employment costs as normal.

Individuals with employees that are not employed as part of a business (such as nannies or other domestic staff) will not have to pay tax on grants received under the scheme.

The scheme will not open for claims until 15 February 2021, and employers will have until 31 March 2021 to make a claim after which the scheme will close. No further claims will be accepted after this date.

The guidance will be updated by the end of January 2021 with details on how to access the online claim service.

The bonus guidance is being published ahead of the launch of the new job support scheme, announced as part of the Chancellor’s winter economy plan. This will run for six months and will see the government contribute towards the wages of employees who are working fewer than normal hours due to decreased demand. The scheme will be open to employers across the UK even if they have not previously used the furlough scheme.
Guidance on its operation is due out shortly.  More information is available here

9th October

Furlough Investigations Begin

Although none of our clients have received these yet, we understand that businesses have now started to receive letters as part of HMRC initial stages of investigating potentially fraudulent use of the furlough scheme.

Those that have been contacted have been asked to provide the following details:

  • the name, address and NI number of every employee placed on the scheme;
  • the start and end date of the furlough period for each employee;
  • the details of how the normal pay of each furloughed employee is calculated; and
  • the details of how the furlough pay of each furloughed employee was calculated.

As part of this process, HMRC are also requesting businesses report any errors or miscalculations in their furlough payments as soon as possible and repay any amount they were not eligible for immediately.  They have warned of fines of up to 100% of the money fraudulently claimed, plus potential criminal prosecution for those that do not comply. Given that these were potentially extremely complex calculations we would hope that HMRC will not take an aggressive stance when determining if a mistake is innocent. An innocent error should not attract any penalty.

Those that have followed the rules should have nothing to fear, but if you are worried that you may have incorrectly calculated your furlough payments, and want reassurance of the amount you were eligible to claim, we are happy to assist.

24th September

Winter Economy Plan

Today in parliament, the chancellor outlined the government schemes that will come into effect to support those still impacted by coronavirus.  More details on the specifics of these will be released soon.  But in the meantime, here is what we know:

Job Support Scheme

This scheme is the replacement for the current furlough scheme, but will only benefit those that are working reduced hours due to the decreased demand caused by the coronavirus.  It will begin from 1 November and is intended to run for 6 months

Employers will continue to pay the wages of staff for the hours they work, but for the hours they are not working, the government and employer will each pay one third of their equivalent salary.  This means that the employee will receive 2/3rds of their regular pay for their hours that have been cut.

In order to be eligible, employees must be working at least 33% of their usual hours.  The grant paid by the government will also be capped at £697.92 per month per employee.

All businesses with employees on reduced hours will be able to claim under this scheme, even if they did not previously make a claim under the furlough scheme.

Employers will be eligible to claim the Jobs Retention Bonus of £1,000 per employee previously announced for employees continuously employed until after 31 January 2021.

One of the biggest questions to be answered about this scheme is “what are an employee’s usual hours”.  For salaried employees, this will be straight forward but clarification will need to be provided (and will hopefully come shortly) for those that do not work regular hours, such as those on zero hour contracts.

Self Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS)

There will be an extension to the SEISS, which will result in two further lump sum payments to those that are facing reduced demand due to the coronavirus.  However, the payments will be significantly less than those paid out previously under the scheme as this is being used by the government as a ‘top up’ to individual’s profits, rather than a replacement for them.

The first lump sum will be worth 20% of average monthly profits (up to a total of £1,875) and is to cover the period November 2020 to January 2021.  The second lump sum will then be to cover February 2021 to April 2021 and the percentage being paid will be confirmed nearer the time.

The scheme will still only be available for those that met the original conditions.

VAT Reduction Extended

The temporary 15% VAT cut for the tourism and hospitality sectors will be extended to the end of March 2021.

Tax and VAT payment deferrals

Businesses that opted to defer their VAT bills will be able to use the New Payment Scheme.  Under this scheme, businesses will have the option to pay their deferred bill in 11 instalments, rather than paying a lump sum in full at the end of March 2021

Those taxable under self-assessment will be able to make use of an additional 12 month extension.  Previously, payments on account due by 31 July 2020 were deferred to 31 January 2021.  These, along with the balancing tax payments due for the year ended 5 April 2020, and the first payments on account due for the year ending 5 April 2021 (normally due by 31 January 2021) will be deferred until 31 January 2022.

Bounce Back Loan – Repayment extension

Bounce back loans will now be paid back through the Pay as You Grow repayment system.  This provides flexibility to extend the length of the loan from 6 years to 10 in order to reduce monthly repayments.

Coronavirus Loan Schemes – Application extension

Applications for the following loan schemes have been extended until the end of November:

  • Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan
  • Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan
  • Bounce Back Loan
  • Future Fund

Other Points

These are all welcome and necessary measures as the impact of coronavirus as the ability for most businesses to function anywhere normal during this period is diminished.

Again, notable by its absence is any support for owners operating their businesses through limited companies.

The Autumn Budget and the prospect of tax rises has now been shelved for at least a bit longer.

8th September

Coronavirus Job retention scheme compliance letters

The first wave of compliance letters regarding the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) were issued last week as HMRC moves into the post transaction review phase of the scheme. The first batch of letters started to land on doormats from Wednesday 18 August.

HMRC will be asking questions where they have concerns over the validity of claims. This could be because claims have been miscalculated, or claims were made for ineligible employees.
HMRC have said that they will be concentrating their compliance activity on those who have been abusing the system. They will be focusing on fraudulent claims and not cases where the employer has made an innocent error. We understand that HMRC will be sharing more details of its compliance approach in the coming weeks.

Authorised agents of employers who receive a letter should also receive a copy. Where the employer does not have an authorised agent, the letter will suggest that they show it to their agent if they have one.

In the meantime, where an employer becomes aware of an error in their claim, to avoid penalties they should contact HMRC to correct the position. The deadline for correcting an over-claim is the later of:

  • 90 days after the date the employer received the grant they were not entitled to
  • 90 days after the date the employer received the grant that they are no longer entitled to keep because their circumstances have changed
  • 20 October 2020.

Provided corrections are made in time, penalties can be avoided. HMRC have also produced a factsheet setting out the penalties for over-claiming under the scheme.  With the press reporting that up to £3.5BN of furlough payments could be lost to fraud and error it makes sense to check you have got everything right!

7th September

An important reminder - make sure you know about the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme changes in September!

Full details are available on our news page, here

3rd September

Kickstart Scheme opens for employer applications

As part of the government’s Plan for Jobs, a new £2 billion Kickstart Scheme will create hundreds of thousands of new, fully subsidised jobs for young people across the country.

The 6 month placements are open to those aged 16-24 who are claiming Universal Credit and at risk of long term unemployment. They will be available across a range of different sectors in England, Scotland and Wales. The first placements are likely to be available from November.

There will also be extra funding to support young people to build their experience and help them move into sustained employment after they have completed their Kickstart funded job.

Employers will receive funding for 100% of the relevant National Minimum Wage for 25 hours a week, plus associated employer National Insurance contributions and employer minimum auto-enrolment pension contributions.

Kickstart Scheme

Applications are being accepted now from employers or groups of employers – check the guidance for employers.

Young people can find out more about the Kickstart Scheme at the jobhelp site.

1st September

UPDATE: COVID-19 Tailored Support for Mortgage Difficulties

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is consulting on proposals to ensure that firms provide tailored support to mortgage borrowers who continue to face payment difficulties due to coronavirus

During the initial phase of the pandemic, lenders were required to offer payment holidays providing mortgage borrowers with immediate and temporary support.

The FCA said the majority of those who have had a payment holiday are expected to resume full repayment, but that many will remain in financial difficulty.

It is publishing additional draft guidance for firms, to ensure further support, both for those who have benefitted from payment deferrals under the current guidance who continue to face financial difficulties, as well as those whose financial situation may be newly affected by coronavirus after the current guidance ends.

The current guidance will continue to provide support for those impacted by coronavirus until 31 October, with consumers able to take a first or second three-month payment deferral. The FCA expects the current guidance to expire on 31 October, but will keep this under review depending on how the wider situation develops.

The newly published draft guidance proposes that firms should consider the appropriateness, and use, of a range of different short and long-term support options to reflect the specific circumstances of their customers.

This could include extending the repayment term or restructuring of the mortgage.

Where consumers need further short-term support, firms should offer arrangements for no or reduced payments for a specified period to give customers time to get back on track. 

Christopher Woolard, FCA interim chief executive, said: 'It is important that consumers who can afford to resume mortgage payments should do so. However, we understand that borrowers facing payment difficulties because of the pandemic will continue to face uncertainty and may also experience temporary interruptions in income.

'We are proposing that firms contact their borrowers in good time before the end of a payment holiday, and work with them to come up with a tailored plan to help get them back on track.
'Firms should not take a "one size fits all" approach.'

Under the proposed guidance, firms should prioritise giving tailored support to borrowers who are at most risk of harm, or who face the greatest financial difficulties.

Firms should also provide borrowers with the support they need in managing their finances, including through self-help and money guidance, and refer borrowers to debt advice if this meets their needs and circumstances. They should also be clear about the credit file implications of any forms of support offered.

31st August


Hotel Support Programme

The core purpose of the Hotel Support Programme is to protect sustainable employment in the medium term within larger hotels in Scotland. It is highly targeted and can be used alongside other COVID-19 support schemes.

This programme offers tailored wrap-around business support from agencies including Scottish Enterprise, Highlands and Islands Enterprise, South of Scotland Enterprise and VisitScotland. The agencies will work with Skills Development Scotland and local authorities where appropriate to put together an integrated and tailored support package. This package will help a targeted number of hotels invest and adapt in a way that protects locally important jobs in the medium to long term.

More details here (the criteria for inclusion are somewhat lengthy, but if you haven't seen this possible source of funding then it's worth taking time to read through them).

Event Industry Support

The Events Industry Support Fund, announced last week, will comprise of a one-off grant of £10,000 to support businesses in the events industry, particularly those in the supply chain that are facing hardship and will be awarded as they are received. 

More details are available here.

Emergency funding announced for Culture & Heritage

Culture and heritage sectors are to benefit from a £59 million funding package to protect jobs and help the industry weather the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. 

A new £15 million Culture Organisations and Venues Recovery Fund will provide critical support to a range of businesses such as art galleries, studio facilities, comedy venues, large music venues, commercial theatres, orchestras, dance companies and nightclubs.

More details here

Support for Scottish grassroots music venues

The purpose of the fund is to provide grassroots live music venues, that were financially sustainable before Covid-19, with the funds to prevent permanent closure and help with sustainability.

More details here.

21st August


Filing your company's confirmation statement.

Every company, including dormant and non trading companies, must file a confirmation statement. It confirms the information we hold about your company is up to date. This link tells you what you need to do, and this one tells you about the temporary changes to the filing requirements as a result of the Covid crisis.

HMRC targets thousands of employers in investigation into CJRS claims.

Just in case you weren't aware, the government (via HMRC) is, as it promised it would do, investigating companies where it thinks they may have, even inadvertently, made errors with or not met the criteria for the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (furlough). More details are available here.  If you are concerned about this, get in touch with us.

£15 million to help 23,000 more households get online.

Around 23,000 low income households without proper internet access will be helped to get online with the assistance of £15 million of Scottish Government funding. More details here.  

Voucher scheme to ensure superfast broadband access for all.

Details of a voucher scheme to help ensure everyone in Scotland will have access to superfast broadband by the end of 2021 have been announced.  More details here.

19th August

Youth Guarantee - helping young people into work

The Scottish government has said that £60 million will be invested in a Youth Guarantee to give all young people access to work, training or education. 

More details here

17th August

Self-employed Income Support Scheme

This is open again from today for the second tranche of grants. 

Make your claim on or before 19 October 2020.

You should contact HMRC if you receive any suspicious texts, calls or emails claiming to be from HMRC as this may be a scam.

12th August

Companies House to resume the compulsory strike off process 

This is part of the government's support for businesses and the self-employed. 
In April 2020, the government introduced temporary easement measures in response to coronavirus (COVID-19) and reviewed these measures each month. Following the latest review, the temporary measure to suspend compulsory strike off action will be lifted from 10 October 2020.

More details here.

10th August

More updates: 

  • Leadership skills for small businesses 
  • Redundancy protection 

Leadership skills for small businesses. 
Two new leadership programmes to help small business leaders grow their companies in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic were launched last week. Details here. 

New redundancy protection legislation. 
Workers made redundant while on furlough will be guaranteed redundancy pay based on their normal wage and not their furloughed rate under the new legislation. Details here

6th August

More updates: 

  • More money for Tourism
  • Support for Museums and Galleries 
  • Support for Events Sector
  • Eat out Scheme

More money for Tourism
Two new funding packages worth £15 million will support the tourism sector as it continues to feel the impacts of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.   More details here

Support for Museums and Galleries
The £4 million Museums Resilience and Recovery Fund is intended to provide some support for Scotland’s museums and galleries and will be administered by Museums Galleries Scotland. More details here

Support for Events Sector
A funding package of £10 million has been established to help the events sector recover from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.  More details here.

Eat Out Scheme
This took off this week and seems to have been very successful so far. If you own a bar, restaurant or other eatery and are still not sure what you need to do, you can register for a live webinar TOMORROW here.  You can also watch a video that explains more about what's required to take part, here

28th July

Licensed Waste Management Facility Support

If you are a licensed waste management facility operating in Scotland, support is now available to assist with the COVID-19 recovery. You can apply for up to £10k to make adaptations required for social distancing on your premises.

As Scotland progresses through changes in the various phased restrictions put in place around COVID-19, this grant fund will support eligible businesses in implementing control measures that will allow operational capacity to recover in line with recommended practices.

Who can apply?
This funding programme is open to operators of licensed waste management facilities in Scotland involved in the management, recycling or reprocessing of recyclate working with household, commercial and industrial, and construction wastes.
How to apply
The application form and guidance notes are available for download from this page. Completed applications should be submitted to this email address (to where you can also send any questions) no later than noon on the 21st of August 2020.

27th July

REMEMBER - Self Assessment taxpayers can automatically defer their July payment on account

Ordinarily, the second Self Assessment payment on account for 2019 to 2020 is due at the end of July.  However, with the coronavirus crisis, anyone who has difficulty paying this on account can automatically defer the payment until 31 January 2021.

To make this as easy as possible, customers do not need to contact HMRC to defer their payment on account - they opt into the deferral by simply not paying their tax bill due by 31 July 2020.
If no payment is received, HMRC will automatically update their systems to show payment has been deferred and no interest or penalties will be incurred, providing it is paid in full by 31 January 2021.

The only action customers may need to take is to cancel their direct debit if they have one set up for their payments on account.

Self Assessment taxpayers should think carefully about whether deferral is right for them. It’s important to remember that the deferred amount will be due on 31 January 2021, the same date that any 2019 to 2020 balancing payment and first 2020 to 2021 payment on account will be due. This could mean 3 separate payments are due all at once.

You may wish to contact HMRC about paying these combined amounts in instalments if you have difficulty in paying them in full at once.

Normally, each payment on account is estimated, based on 50% of the previous year’s Self Assessment tax bill and they are advance payments towards the current year’s tax bill.  This means that in normal circumstances, payments on account are payable by Self Assessment taxpayers by 31 January and 31 July each year, unless:
·         their last Self Assessment tax bill was less than £1,000
·         they have already paid more than 80% of all the tax they owe at source, for example through their  tax code. For more information, see this link

If you want any advice on this, remember that M&S are TAX SPECIALISTS, so please do give us a call.

24th July

Two more updates - for the agricultural community

Helping Farmers Diversify into forestry
Farmers and crofters are being offered £1 million in funding to diversify into forestry and help with the fight against climate change.
The money is the first batch of funding from the Agriculture Transformation Programme, a key Programme for Government commitment that aims to support the agriculture sector in helping Scotland meet its greenhouse gas emissions targets.

It comes on top of £500,000 announced last week by Scottish Forestry to assist farmers and crofters in buying forestry and timber processing equipment.
The funding will help farmers and crofters to establish new small-scale woodlands, giving them a valuable new source of income.
“This funding will also be a boost to the wider rural economy during our recovery from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic).”

Grants from the new £1 million fund cover up to 90% of the cost of establishing woodlands.

The £500,000 fund was announced on 10 July as part of the Harvesting and Processing grants package and will cover up to 40% of the cost to small farmers and crofters of buying forestry and timber processing equipment or buildings.
Both grant schemes will be managed by Scottish Forestry. More information is available on the Scottish Forestry website

Agriculture loan scheme launches
A loan scheme to support farmers and crofters through the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis has been announced by Rural Economy Secretary Fergus Ewing.
With the additional uncertainty caused by Brexit, the National Basic Payment Support Scheme will maintain vital cash flow for farm and croft businesses by injecting up to £340 million into the rural economy.

The scheme will give farmers and crofters access to vital financial support up to three months earlier than the EU CAP payment period, helping them continue to operate during the crisis.

The loan scheme provides Scottish farmers and crofters access of up to 95% of their 2020 CAP BPS and Greening payment, restricted to the scheme maximum of £133,638.  Loan offer letters will be sent to eligible farmers and crofters from the beginning of August, with the first payments due in September.

22nd July

Three more updates - 

  • Employment support & training
  • Fair Start Scotland extension
  • Grant funding to support infrastructure adaptions

£100 million for employment support and training
People looking for work or those at risk of redundancy will benefit from additional assistance to move into work or retrain.
The package of support, outlined by Economy Secretary Fiona Hyslop, is backed by £100 million for 2020/21, with at least £50 million of that funding set aside to help young people get into work.
The measures include a job guarantee for young people, a new national retraining scheme, and more funding to provide immediate assistance and advice if people are made redundant.
In addition, Fair Start Scotland, the employment support service, has been extended by a further two years to March 2023.
The £100 million is in addition to the £33 million already committed for employability support for 2020/21.

Extension to Fair Start Scotland

This has been extended to the 31st of March 2023 to provide stability and continuity as the country responds to the current Covid-19 crisis and moves into the economic restart and recovery phases. More details are available at this link.>

Grant funding to support infrastructure adaptations in response to COVID-19

This grant fund will support eligible businesses in implementing control measures that will allow operational capacity to recover in line with recommended practices.  More details of who can apply and how to apply at this link.

21st July

Two more updates - hospitality VAT and Support for childcare sector

Hospitality sector reduction in VAT rate

As a consequence of the temporary reduction in the VAT rate from 20% to 5% in the hospitality sector, the flat rate percentages used for catering (including restaurants and takeaways), accommodation and pubs have also been reduced from 15 July to 12 January 2021.
Updated Government guidance confirms the new rates as:

•  Catering services including restaurants and takeaways: flat rate from 15 July 2020 to 12 January 2021 – 4.5%; flat rate up to 14 July 2020 and from 13 January 2021 – 12.5%;

•  Hotel or accommodation: flat rate from 15 July 2020 to 12 January 2021 – 0%; flat rate up to 14 July 2020 and from 13 January 2021 – 10.5%

•  Pubs: flat rate from 15 July 2020 to 12 January 2021 – 1%; flat rate up to 14 July 2020 and from 13 January 2021 – 6.5%.

For further details, see the Government guidance VAT Flat Rate Scheme

Support for childcare sector

Funding of £11.2m is being made available to support childcare providers with the cost of safely reopening.
The new Transitional Support Fund will help childcare providers in the private and third sectors, including out-of-school care providers, meet extra costs incurred to comply with public health guidance in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
The grants are expected to help with costs for:
·  increased cleaning
·  investment in additional equipment and developing outdoor space to enable more outdoor learning
· adaptations to support the physical distancing of adults, such as changes to entrance and exit areas and additional signage.

More information as to how providers can access the Transitional Support Fund will be available by 31 July.

Grants will be available to all private and third sector childcare providers, not just those delivering funded early learning and childcare.

Grant amounts will vary according to the size of the childcare setting and will be based on Care Inspectorate registered capacity.

20th July

Two updates for Retail and Hospitality in particular

  • Eat out to Help Scheme
  • VAT reduced rate for hospitality, holiday accommodation and attractions 

The Eat out to Help Scheme
HMRC has published guidance for businesses wishing to register and use the Eat Out to Help Out Scheme which enables them to offer a discount to diners from 3 August 2020. The scheme can be used:
• all day, every Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday from 3 to 31 August 2020
• to offer a 50% discount, up to a maximum of £10 per person, to diners for food and non-alcoholic drinks to eat or drink in
• to claim the money back from the government

There is no limit to the number of times customers can use the offer during the period of the scheme. Registration will close on 31 August.

You can register if your establishment:

 *   Sells food for immediate consumption on the premises
 *   Provides its own dining area or shares a dining area
 *   Was registered as a food business with the relevant local authority on or before 7 July

You cannot register:

 *   An establishment that only offers takeaway food or drink
 *   Catering services for private functions
 *   A hotel that provides room service only
 *   Dining services (such as packaged dinner cruises)
 *   Mobile food vans or trailers

You can register for the scheme here. To register for the scheme you must have:

 *   The Government Gateway ID and password for your business
 *   The name and address or each establishment to be registered
 *   The UK bank account number and sort code for the business
 *   The address on your bank account for the business
 *   The date your business started trading

You may also need you:

 *   VAT registration number
 *   Employer PAYE scheme reference number
 *   Corporation Tax, Self Assessment UTR

You will be registered instantly and will received a registration reference number which you will need to make you claim.  You can download promotional material to help your business market the scheme.

Offering the discount

If you include a service charge on your bill it cannot be included in the scheme discount
You can use the scheme alongside any other discounts to diners, but you must then apply those discounts first to calculate your claim.
You cannot change the terms of the scheme, the discount you offer must be 50%
A diner is any person, adult or child  for whom food or drink is being purchased for consumption on premises.  A diner does not need to be the paying customer
Where there is more than one diner on a single bill, the cap does not need to be calculated for each individual diner based on their specific orders. Instead, the discount that is applied to the overall bill should be capped at the number of diners multiplied by £10. For example, a family of four have a bill of £60 which includes £10 alcohol. A claim can only be made on £50 which is a spend of £12.50 each which is below the £20 maximum spend limit. The discount of 50% can only be applied to the £50 therefore discount is £25 and bill to the customer is £35 being £60 bill less £25 discount. As a further example the same family of four spend £100 which includes £10 alcohol. They have spent over the maximum £20 under the scheme on food and non-alcoholic drinks and therefore the claim is capped at £40 (4 diners x £10).

Further guidance about the scheme is available here

VAT reduced rate for hospitality, holiday accommodation and attractions

The government made an announcement on 8 July 2020 allowing VAT registered businesses to apply a temporary 5% reduced rate of VAT to certain supplies relating to:
·         hospitality
·         hotel and holiday accommodation
·         admissions to certain attractions
The temporary reduced rate will apply to supplies that are made between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021.

If you supply food and non-alcoholic beverages for consumption on your premises, for example, a restaurant, café or pub, you’re currently required to charge VAT at the standard rate of 20%. However, when you make these supplies between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021 you will only need to charge 5%.
You will also be able to charge the reduced rate of VAT on your supplies of hot takeaway food and hot takeaway non-alcoholic drinks.
More information about how these changes apply to your business can be found in Catering, takeaway food (VAT Notice 709/1)

Hotel and holiday accommodation
You will also benefit from the temporary reduced rate if you:
·         supply sleeping accommodation in a hotel or similar establishment
·         make certain supplies of holiday accommodation
·         charge fees for caravan pitches and associated facilities
·         charge fees for tent pitches or camping facilities
More information about how these changes apply to your business can be found in Hotels and holiday accommodation (VAT Notice 709/3)

Admission to certain attractions
If you charge a fee for admission to certain attractions where the supplies are currently standard rated, you will only need to charge the reduced rate of VAT between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021.
However, if the fee you charge for admission is currently exempt that will take precedence and your supplies will not qualify for the reduced rate.
More information about how these changes apply to your business can be found in VAT: Admission charges to attractions

The Flat Rate Scheme
If you are a small business and use the use the Flat Rate Scheme to simplify your VAT calculations you should be aware that certain percentages have been reduced in line with the introduction of the temporary reduced rate of VAT.  The most relevant categories will be:

 *   Catering services including restaurants and takeaways – new rate of 4.5% from 15 July (12.5% to 14 July)
 *   Hotels and accommodations – new rate of 0% from 15 July (10.5% to 14 July)
 *   Pubs – new rate 1% from 15 July (6.5% to 14 July)
More information can be found in VAT Flat Rate Scheme

The Tour Operators Margin Scheme
If you are a business that buys in and resells travel, accommodation and certain other services, and you act in your own name, you may operate the Tour Operators Margin Scheme to simplify your calculations.
Further information about how the introduction of the temporary reduced rate of VAT will affect your calculations can be found in Tour Operators Margin Scheme (VAT Notice 709/5)

Accounting for supplies that straddle the temporary reduced rate
In most cases, you will simply account for VAT at 5% for supplies made between 15 July 2020 and 12 January 2021. However, there may be situations where you receive payments or issue invoices before 15 July 2020 for supplies that take place on or after 15 July 2020.
More information about this can be found in sections 30.7.4 to 30.9.2 of VAT guide (VAT Notice 700)

8th July

The Chancellor's Statement - Key points (analysis to follow later) 

  • A new scheme to pay companies £1,000 bonus per employee for those they keep on until January on part pay.
  • A £2bn “kickstart scheme” which is set to boost employment amongst young UK workers. 
  • To support the hospitality sector, which the chancellor said has been “particularly badly hit”, VAT for the hospitality in food, accommodation and attractions will be cut from 20% to 5% until 12 January. 
  • £1bn will be made available to improve the energy efficiency of public buildings, including schools and hospitals and £2bn Green Homes Grant scheme to pay for energy improvements such as insulation for more than 600,000 homes.
  • The ‘Eat out to help out’ scheme, which will provide everyone with a 50% discount, up to a maximum discount of £10 per head for everyone, including children, to use in participating restaurants and to begin in August.
  • An extra £1bn into the Department of Work and Pensions in a bid to provide extra support to jobseekers. 
  • The Budget and Spending Review in the Autumn will see a focus on rebuilding the jobs market and a plan for the future of public finances.
  • STAMP duty has been scrapped on properties up to £500,000 from today.  Please note, this applies currently only in England, but we anticipate that the devolved nations will rubber-stamp it.


7th July

Self-employed Income Support Scheme: update

There is a much longer news article about this from Chris Leslie, our tax senior, on the news pages of our website.  Given that HMRC's definition of what constitutes being 'adversely affected' by the coronavirus is not always clear, this is well worth a read.  Go to this link for Chris's article.

6th July


1 July 2020

 *   Revised furlough scheme (CJRS v 2) now in effect, but only for employees who have already completed a 21-day period on furlough. It is also restricted to employers who have already claimed for employees under CJRS v 1. There is a cap on the number of employees who can be included in a CJRS v 2 claim equal to the maximum number included in a CJRS v 1 claim by that employer.
 *   The CJRS v2 will cover 80% of the employee's wages for periods on furlough, plus the employer's NIC and employer's minimum pension contributions due in respect of those wages.
6 July 2020

 *   Forms P11D and P11D(b) for 2019/20 must be submitted to HMRC, with a copy supplied to employees.

13 July 2020

 *   Applications for the first Self-employed Income Support Scheme (SEISS v 1) grant must be submitted to HMRC by this date.
14 July 2020

 *   Second SEISS grant (SEISS v2) requires claimants to confirm that their business was adversely affected by the coronavirus on or after this date. Claims portal for SEISS v2 to open in August.

31 July 2020

 *   CJRS v1 claims for furlough periods up to and including 30 June 2020 must be submitted to HMRC by this date.
 *   The 2019/20 second self-assessment payment on account (POA) of income tax and Class 4 NIC is normally due by this date, but all such payments are automatically deferred. Taxpayers may pay the tax and NIC due by this date if they wish. If the tax is deferred it must be paid by 31 January 2021.

1 August 2020

 *   Employees should continue to receive 80% of their usual wages, up to £2,500 per month, for periods when they are furloughed, funded by the CJRS v2. However, employers must pay the employer's class 1 NIC and the employer's minimum pension contributions into a workplace pension in respect of all wages including furlough wages. Employers must report for each employee on furlough the hours worked and the employee's "usual hours".
 *   VAT: temporary zero rate reverts to the standard rate for PPE purchased on or after this date.

31 August 2020

 *   Furlough periods for August must come to an end.

1 September 2020

 *   Employees should receive 80% of their usual wages for periods on furlough, but the CJRS v 2 will only fund 70% of the usual wages up to £2187.50 per month. Employers must pay the employer's class 1 NIC and the employer's minimum workplace pension contributions in respect of all wages paid to the employee including furlough wages.
30 September 2020

 *   Furloughed periods for September 2020 come to an end.

1 October 2020

 *   Employees continue to receive 80% of their usual wages for periods on furlough, but the CJRS v 2 will only fund 60% of the usual wages up to £1,875 per month. Employers must pay the employer's class 1 NIC and the employer's minimum workplace pension contributions in respect of all wages paid to the employees, including furlough wages.

31 October 2020

 *   All furlough periods must end for all employees.
30 November 2020

 *   All CJRS v2 claims for furloughed employees must be submitted to HMRC by this date.

31 January 2021

 *   Electronic self-assessment 2019/20 personal tax returns, and any tax returns excluded from online filing for 2019/20, must be filed by this date.
 *   All outstanding self-assessment income tax and class 4 NIC for 2019/ including the POA deferred from 31 July 2020, must be paid. The first POA for 2020/21 must also be paid by this date, calculated as half the 2019/20 liability. Any capital gains tax due for 2019/20 must be paid, or topped-up where a payment on account has already be paid in respect of a residential property disposal.

1 March 2021

 *   Domestic reverse charge for VAT relating to certain construction services comes into effect. The commencement was postponed from 1 October 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic.

31 March 2021

 *   VAT deferred from March to June 2020 must be paid by this date.

3rd July

HMRC publishes guidance on paying back CJRS grants

Famously, the Spectator magazine has paid back all of the money it received from the taxpayer for furloughing staff.  If you are similarly honest, HMRC has published guidance explaining how employers can pay all or some of over-claimed grants back through the coronavirus job retention scheme (CJRS).

This can be found at Pay Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme grants back.

National Lottery Heritage Emergency funding extended

The National Lottery Heritage Fund quickly launched a lifeline £50million fund which has been helping organisations across the country navigate the many challenges they are facing. The criteria for that fund  has now been expanded  to help heritage organisations safely reopen in line with the Scottish Government's new guidelines.

The application deadline has also been extended to Friday 31 July 2020.

The Heritage Emergency Fund offers grants of between £3,000- £250,000 to organisations which have received National Lottery Heritage funding in the past.

Applications are open to the full breadth of heritage, from historic sites, industrial and maritime heritage, museums, libraries and archives to parks and gardens and landscapes and nature.
The extended criteria will support organisations with reopening and recovery costs associated with the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This could include strategic reviews of business models, operating plans and business plans, or investment to enable digital delivery of services. It can also be used to help manage heritage sites while following social distancing guidelines, for example:

 *   additional staff to help manage queues
 *   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for staff and volunteers
 *   training
 *   additional cleaning
 *   implementing contactless payment methods
 *   temporary structures to help manage visitors such as shelter for queues or additional toilets

For an informal chat about how the Heritage Emergency Fund might be able to support your organisation, contact the Scotland team, or visit the funding page for more information.

The Heritage Emergency Fund has been made possible thanks to money raised by National Lottery players.

2nd July

Six rules you need to know about the flexible furlough system

Here are the rules employers and employees need to know to access the government's flexible furlough scheme that launched yesterday, on 1 July:

1. Who can go on flexible furlough?
From 1 July 2020 only employees that employers successfully claimed a previous government grant for will be eligible for more grants under the Job Retention Scheme.
This means they must have previously been furloughed for at least three consecutive weeks taking place any time between 1 March and 30 June 2020.
2. How do I put someone on flexible furlough?
Employers should discuss with employees who they wish to place on the flexible furlough scheme, outlining which hours they will be expected to work. Staff will need to agree on the arrangements of their part-time work.
This agreement should be confirmed in writing and a written record kept of it for five years.
3. How long must flexible furlough last?
Previously, staff needed to be furloughed for at least three weeks to benefit from the scheme. However, flexible furlough agreements can last any amount of time.
That said, the period that employers claim for must be for a minimum period of seven calendar days. Employees can enter into a flexible furlough agreement more than once.
4. How much can I claim?
The scheme will allow employers to recover the remainder of wages to a maximum cap. Wage caps are proportional to the hours an employee is furloughed. For example, an employee is entitled to 60% of the £2,500 cap if they are placed on furlough for 60% of their usual hours.
The amount that the scheme will cover will begin to decrease from September 2020, and employers will be responsible for all of the national insurance and pension contributions from August 2020, regardless of the employee being on flexible furlough.
5. What records should I keep?
Employers will need to keep records of how many hours their employees work and the number of hours they are furloughed during flexible furlough.
6. How do I calculate working hours?
There are two different calculations employers can use to work out their employees' usual hours, depending on whether they work fixed or variable hours.
Where the employee's working hours are fixed, or their pay does not vary with the number of hours worked, the reference period for calculating their hours is the hours your they were contracted for at the end of the last pay period ending on or before 19 March 2020.
Where an employee works variable hours, employers will use the higher of:

 *   the average number of hours worked in the tax year 2019 to 2020; and
 *   the corresponding calendar period in the tax year 2019 to 2020.

Tax credits renewals deadline approaches

HMRC are reminding tax credits customers that they need to tell HMRC about any changes in their circumstances or income by 31 July 2020.

For further information, see the HMRC press release (Tax credits: it's time to update your award)  which is available at this link.

Scottish Bed and Breakfast Hardship Fund

This fund is to provide hardship relief to B&B's and other small serviced accommodation businesses who don't have a business bank account and have not been able to access support through other schemes.  Successful applicants will receive a one off payment of £3,000.

Businesses applying to this fund must operate with a personal bank account that demonstrates business revenue and expenditure (rather than a business bank account).

More information about the fund and criteria for Fife can be found here.

23rd June

Deferral of VAT to stop very soon!

The VAT payment deferral period ends on 30 June 2020. This means you'll need to:
*  set-up cancelled direct debits in enough time for HMRC to take payment (May quarter due 7 July)
*   submit VAT returns as normal, and on time
*   pay the VAT in full on payments due after 30 June

Any VAT payments you have deferred between 20 March and 30 June should be paid in full on or before 31 March 2021.

Contact HMRC:
*  if you are unable to pay the VAT due and may need more time, go to this link: <> as soon as possible and before the payment is due.

22nd June

Self-Employment Grant – Don’t miss out!

Following the government’s announcement of a second grant payment for the Self-Employed, a deadline has been placed on claiming the first grant payment.  In order to receive this, individuals must make their claim on or before 13 July 2020 or they will miss out.

For anyone that has not yet made their claim, eligibility can be checked here: (

and the claim itself can be made here:

Self-Employment Grant – New Parents

The government has announced an adjustment to the Self-Employed Income Support Scheme (SEISS) specifically for new parents.

Under this adjustment, new parents (including those who have adopted) who have taken time out of their trading to care for their children within the first 12 months of birth (or within 12 months of an adoption placement) will now be able to use either their 2017/18 or both their 2016/17 and 2017/18 self-assessment returns as the basis for their eligibility for the SEISS. 

New parents will still need to meet the other standard eligibility criteria for support (which is to be set out at the start of July - we'll keep you posted). 

15th June

Detailed Update Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme:

This update covers the changes taking place to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) on 1 July 2020. The revised measures mean that, in effect, these new arrangements constitute a new scheme. Employers therefore have until only 31 July 2020 to make any claims in respect of periods ending on or before 30 June 2020.

From 1 July, employers can only claim the CJRS grant in full or for those employees they bring back to work, where the employee has previously been furloughed for a minimum of three weeks up to 30 June. The employee will be able to work a flexible shift pattern and the employer will still be able to claim CJRS grant, though this will be limited to the employee’s normal hours not worked. The existing scheme will close to new employees on 30 June. Given that there is a minimum furlough period of 3 weeks, this means that the employee must have been on furlough from on or before 10 June to qualify.

The amount of the grant is being reduced from 1 July until the date the scheme will end, on 31 October as summarised here:







Furlough Wages Grant 80%

up to £2,500

80% up to £2,500

80% up to £2,500

70% up to £2,187.50

60% up to £1875

Employer Top-up




10% to make 80%

20% to make 80%

Employers National Insurance

Can claim

Can claim

Employer pays

Employer pays

Employer pays

Employer Pensions

Can claim

Can claim

Employer pays

Employer pays

Employer pays

Furlough minimum period

3 weeks

1 week




The employer continues to be responsible for paying staff in accordance with their contract of employment. There have been no changes to the rights afforded to employees under employment law and employers must agree with their employee any new flexible furloughing arrangement and confirm that agreement in writing. Payment of net wages, PAYE and NIC remain the responsibility of the employer.

Under the new scheme starting on 1 July:

  1. Employees must continue to be paid at least 80% of their reference salary, pro-rated for hours not worked, (up to £2,500 per month for full time furlough but this cap pro-rated to the proportion of normal hours not worked) to qualify for the grant from 1 July to 31 October.
  2. A claim can only be made for a period starting on or after 1 July if a claim has previously been made for an earlier period.
  3. The maximum number of employees for whom a claim can be made for any one period cannot exceed the maximum number of employees claimed for any period under the old (pre 30 June) scheme. This could be relevant where for example staff on furlough are rotated.
  4. A claim period must be a minimum of one week.
  5. Claim periods can no longer overlap month ends due to the different rules for each month of the new scheme.
  6. The online claim form will require the employer to report hours worked and the usual hours an employee would be expected to work in a claim period.
  7. There is now an online facility to correct overclaims in a future return. Underclaims however must be dealt with by phone or webchat.
  8. The claim for July will require the need to apportion the NI ‘secondary threshold’ between working and non-working days.
  9. HMRC have confirmed it is OK to defer claiming the employment allowance and claim Employers National Insurance under CJRS. A claim for employment allowance can be made against Employer National Insurance payable up to and after the CJRS ends for pay after 31 October. The employer cannot claim both CJRS and employment allowance on the same pay.
  10. HMRC will not allow time to pay PAYE/NIC which has been recovered under CJRS.


12th June

Summer Support for Students in Scotland

Students facing hardship this summer due to COVID-19 can now receive financial support within a package of new measures.

The Scottish Government has brought forward early access to £11.4 million of discretionary funds - support for higher education students in financial difficulty – to be administered by colleges and universities.

Unlike continuing higher education students, most former further education students can receive benefits if they are unemployed. Colleges will now have flexibility to offer discretionary funds to bridge the timing gap between bursary payments ending in June and Universal Credit payments starting.

Scottish students studying in Europe as part of EU Portability or historically arranged schemes will be able to access a £100,000 emergency fund administered by the Student Awards Agency Scotland (SAAS).

SAAS has also suspended all new debt recovery actions in respect to grants and bursaries until September for students whose circumstances have changed and may have to return overpayments. Students are encouraged to contact SAAS to discuss what help is available.

Latest information and advice for students on COVID-19, including support for employment, is available at

For further information please visit :

11th June

Furlough available for staff returning from maternity leave

HM Treasury has announced that people on paternity and maternity leave who return to work in the coming months will be eligible for the Government's furlough scheme.

This extension will only apply where they work for an employer who has previously furloughed employees.  More details and updated guidance are to be released on 12 June.

Further details on the announcement can be found at

Covid-19 business support grants extended to more firms as closing date for applications is announced

The Scottish Government has announced that small businesses which share properties but do not pay business rates are now eligible to apply for grants to help with the impact of Covid-19.
The extension to the Small Business Grant Fund will apply to firms occupying shared office spaces, business incubators or shared industrial units and who lease the space from a registered, rate-paying landlord. Separately, eligibility has also been extended to companies occupying multiple premises with a cumulative value of more than £51,000.

From 8 June 2020, eligible businesses will be able to apply to their local authority for grants of up to £10,000.

Further details can be found at

The various schemes have paid out nearly £825m so far, with over 72000 businesses receiving some financial support.  Fife has had the 4th highest number of awards in the country, with over £46 million paid out.

The Scottish Government has announced that these schemes will close to new applications on 10 July, so businesses who have yet to apply are urged to do so quickly.

Covid-19: delay to VAT reverse charge on construction services

HMRC has announced a five-month delay to the introduction of the domestic reverse charge for construction services, due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the construction sector, and the VAT change will not now apply until 1 March 2021

The new rules mark a complete overhaul of the way VAT is payable on building and construction invoices, as part of moves to reduce fraud in the sector. Under the domestic reverse charge the customer receiving the service will have to pay the VAT owed straight to HMRC instead of paying the supplier if they report under the Construction Industry Scheme (CIS).

The change was originally scheduled to come into effect from 1 October 2019, but was then deferred for 12 months, after industry bodies and accounting specialists highlighted concerns about lack of preparation and the impact on businesses.

Now the start date has been put back from 1 October 2020 to 1 March 2021.
There will also be an amendment to the original legislation, which was laid in April 2019, to make it a requirement that for businesses to be excluded from the reverse charge because they are end users or intermediary suppliers, they must inform their sub-contractors in writing that they are end users or intermediary suppliers.

HMRC says the additional amendment is designed to make sure both parties are clear whether the supply is excluded from the reverse charge.

It reflects recommended advice published in HMRC guidance and brings certainty for sub-contractors as to the correct treatment for their supplies.
If followed, it will remove a concern that HMRC may seek to challenge the reverse charge treatment where a business that qualified as an end user or intermediary supplier had not given any notification of their status.

In the intervening period before the change comes in, HMRC says it will continue to focus additional resource on identifying and tackling existing perpetrators of fraud in the construction supply chain. It will also work closely with the sector to raise awareness and provide additional guidance and support to make sure all businesses will be ready for the new implementation date.

3rd June

Important update re furlough scheme...

On 29 May 2020, changes were announced to the scheme which are designed to wind it down before complete closure in October 2020. It will be closed to new entrants from 30 June 2020. From this date on, employers will only be able to furlough employees that they have furloughed for a full three-week period prior to 30 June.  This means that any new employees to be furloughed must be done before 10 June 2020 due to the closure of the scheme to new entrants.

2nd June

Getting back to work.  Advice from Scottish Enterprise on how to thrive in the post-Covid world

There is some useful information and plenty of good ideas in this update from Scottish Enterprise.  It's too long to publish in full here, but you can access the link to the article here

Self-Employment Income Support Scheme – Additional Payment

Following the announcement of the extension of the scheme available for furloughed employees, the government has also released plans for a second and final grant for those under the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS).  This will be paid out in August to cover the period June to August 2020.  

However instead of the previous 80% of average monthly trading profits, the grant will now be based on 70% (capped at £6,570 for the total payment).

Although it is welcomed that support for the self-employed will continue, it is disappointing that the scheme only covers up until August, when the furlough scheme available for employees runs through until October.  It is hoped that the government will review this position again after the August grants have been paid, as there will no doubt be a large number of self-employed individuals needing further support as their businesses will still not have been able to re-open or can only do so with severe restrictions in place.

Further information from the website

  • Individuals can continue to apply for the first SEISS grant until 13 July. Under the first grant, eligible individuals can claim a taxable grant worth 80% of their average monthly trading profits, paid out in a single instalment covering three months’ worth of profits, and capped at £7,500 in total. Those eligible have the money paid into their bank account within six working days of completing a claim.
  • Applications for the second grant will open in August. Individuals will be able to claim a second taxable grant worth 70% of their average monthly trading profits, paid out in a single instalment covering three months’ worth of profits, and capped at £6,570 in total.
  • The eligibility criteria are the same for both grants, and individuals will need to confirm that their business has been adversely affected by coronavirus. An individual does not need to have claimed the first grant to receive the second grant: for example, they may only have been adversely affected by COVID-19 in this later phase. Further guidance on the second grant will be published on Friday 12 June.


1st June

Changes to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS)

As restrictions are starting to be eased across the UK, and a return to work is now on the horizon for many employees, the UK government have announced plans for how the CJRS will wind down over the next few months.  This is made up of 3 key changes to the current version of the CJRS:

Closing to New Entrants

The CJRS will close to new entrants from 30 June, with any employees that have not been furloughed for a full 3-week period prior to this, being ineligible to receive support.  This means that the final date that an employee can be furloughed from is Wednesday 10 June.

It is therefore strongly recommended that any employer reviews their staffing position ahead of this deadline.

Flexible Furloughing

In a welcomed change, from 1 July, employers will have the option to bring previously furloughed employees back to work part time. 

The CJRS will cover 80% of wages for any of an employee’s normal hours that they do not work (subject to the changes below), with the employer paying the wages for the hours that an employee does work.  The number of hours the employee does work is at the discretion of the employer, and there is no minimum hour’s requirement.  However, any arrangements must cover at least one week and be confirmed to the employee in writing.

When claiming their grant, employers will be required to submit data based on the usual hours an employee would be expected to work and their actual hours.  For salaried employees working part time, this should make reporting and calculating the grant relatively simple as this will be based on the contracted hours.  However, it is not clear at this point how the grant will be calculated for employees that have variable hours.

Employer Contributions

Although furloughed employees will continue to receive 80% of their wages (up to a cap of £2,500), from 1 August a portion of this cost will be passed on to employers by the reduction of the grant.  The timetable for this is:


Covered by Grant


Paid By Employer


80% of wages up to a cap of £2,500


Employers NIC and pension contributions


70% of wages up to a cap of £2,187.50


10% of wages to make up to 80%

Employers NIC and pension contributions



60% of wages up to a cap of £1,875


20% of wages to make up to 80%

Employers NIC and pension contributions


It is important to note that the furlough grant will only relate to hours not worked by the employee, and the cap will also be proportional to this.

There will be more guidance on how the flexible working arrangements will operate on 12 June.

Other than the phasing out of the contributions, the other key changes to note are the ability to work part-time and that no NEW employees will be permitted to be furloughed from 10 June.

28th May  

Help with mortgages to continue for homeowners affected by coronavirus

Homeowners struggling to pay their mortgage due to Coronavirus will be able to extend their mortgage payment holiday for a further three months, or start making reduced payments, in proposals published today.  More details here.

Scottish Government issues guidance for manufacturers and retailers ahead of re-start.
Click here to read more

The Scottish Government - Coronavirus: framework for decision-making, Scotland's route map through and out of the crisis.

This is a long read, but necessary if you want to know what is being proposed, although we note that, understandably, the timings are all dependent on the progression of the virus and our efforts to overcome it.  Click here for details. 

HMRC have made amendments to their guidance covering the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS).

The amendments (with active links) are as follows:

If you are unsure of anything, please don’t hesitate to contact us for advice.

The coronavirus SSP rebate scheme: open from 26th May

The coronavirus SSP rebate scheme, announced by Chancellor Rishi Sunak at the Budget officially opened for applications from 26th May.

The scheme allows small and medium sized employers, with fewer than 250 members of staff, to apply to recover the costs of paying coronavirus-related SSP, and is worth nearly £200 per employee.

To get the rebate, employers need to go online via and input simple information on the employees being claimed for. After making an application, HMRC says they should receive the money within six working days.

The scheme covers all types of employment contracts, including full-time employees, part-time employees, employees on agency contracts, and employees on flexible or zero-hour contracts.

Tax agents can make claims on behalf of employers.

Connected companies and charities can also use the scheme if their total combined number of PAYE employees are fewer than 250 on or before 28 February 2020.

Employees do not have to provide a doctor’s fit note in order for their employer to make a claim under the scheme make a claim.

However, employers can ask them to provide either an isolation note from NHS 11 if they are self-isolating and cannot work because of coronavirus, or the NHS or GP letter telling them to stay at home for at least 12 weeks because they’re at high risk of severe illness from coronavirus.

The repayment will cover up to two weeks of SSP from either 13 March 2020, if an employee had coronavirus, symptoms or is self isolating because someone they live with has symptoms, or from 16 April 2020 if an employee was shielding because of coronavirus.

Employers can furlough their employees who have been advised to shield in line with public health guidance and are unable to work from home, under the coronavirus job retention scheme. Once furloughed, the employee should no longer receive SSP and would be classified as a furloughed employee.

Where an employee has been notified to shield and has not been furloughed, the rebate will compensate up to 2 weeks of SSP from 16 April.

The current rate of SSP is £95.85 per week. Employers can choose to pay more than the statutory minimum, but will only be able to reclaim the SSP rate.

Guidance Check if you can claim back Statutory Sick Pay paid to employees due to coronavirus (Covid-19)

There should also be news soon on whether there will be another round of support for the self-employed.  Please see our News page for an article on this.

22nd May  

COVID-19 support, Dentists' non-NHS work

HMRC have confirmed that overall as long as they meet the criteria for the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) and the Self-employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS), dentists can claim on the basis that they have income from non-NHS work. 

The implications of this notice is that this will apply in Scotland.  We are checking this and will report ASAP.  The anticipation is that the schemes will operate in a broadly similar way.

More details here

21st May  

The Scottish Government has today (21 May) published COVID-19 Framework for Decision Making - Scotland's route map through and out of the crisis.

Read more here.

Specified Adult Childcare credits

If you are a grandparent, or other family member, who cares for a child under 12, usually whilst their parent (or main carer) is working then you may be able to claim Specified Adult Childcare credits. 

Since March 2020, your normal caring arrangements may have been affected by coronavirus (COVID-19). If you have provided care in a different way, for example over the telephone or video, you can still apply for NI credits for the financial years 2019 to 2020 and 2020 to 2021.
Specified Adult Childcare credits work by transferring the NI credit attached to Child Benefit from the Child Benefit recipient to a family member who is providing care for a related child under 12. Therefore, if no one has claimed Child Benefit for the child there is no attached NI credit to transfer and Specified Adult Care credits cannot be awarded.

View the guidance at

Holiday entitlement and pay during the coronavirus crisis.

Just in case you missed this, the government has published an explanation of how holiday entitlement and pay operate during the coronavirus pandemic, where it differs from the standard is separate guidance for Northern Ireland.  

The actual guidance is quite lengthy, but well worth reading. You can access it here

Coronavirus guidance for Companies House customers, employees and suppliers.

This is useful advice and guidance for anyone who has to communicate with Companies' House. Again, it's quite lengthy but you can read the full article on the website, here

Coronavirus Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme set to launch

Employers will be able to make claims through the Coronavirus Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme from 26th May. More details here

14th May  

The Association of Certified Chartered Accountants (ACCA) reports that nearly two-thirds of firms may not be able to pay their tax. Make sure you are not one of them: ask us for advice if you are worried about this.  More details on our news page.

13th May  

Starting today, some of the self employed (sole traders) can begin to claim from the Income Support Scheme.

More details from the government site: here

Also, a reminder about the Bounce Back Loan Scheme.

The scheme helps small and medium-sized businesses to borrow between £2,000 and up to 25% of their turnover. The maximum loan available is £50,000.

The government guarantees 100% of the loan and there won’t be any fees or interest to pay for the first 12 months. After 12 months the interest rate will be 2.5% a year.

If you need a larger loan, you may be entitled to other government support.


You can apply for a loan if your business:

  • is based in the UK
  • was established before 1 March 2020
  • has been adversely impacted by the coronavirus

If your business was classed as a business in difficulty on 31 December 2019 you’ll need to confirm that you’re complying with additional state aid restrictions.

Who cannot apply

Businesses from any sector can apply, except:

  • banks, insurers and reinsurers (but not insurance brokers)
  • public-sector bodies
  • state-funded primary and secondary schools

If you’re already claiming funding

You cannot apply if you’re already claiming under:

If you’ve already received a loan of up to £50,000 under one of these schemes you can transfer it into the Bounce Back Loan scheme. You have until 4 November 2020 to arrange this with your lender.

How long the loan is for

The length of the loan is 6 years, but you can repay early without paying a fee. No repayments will be due during the first 12 months.

How to apply

There are 11 lenders participating in the scheme including many of the main retail banks. You should approach a suitable lender yourself via the lender’s website.

The lender will ask you to fill in a short online application form and self-declare that you are eligible.

The lender will decide whether to offer you a loan or another type of finance and you’ll be responsible for repaying 100% of the amount borrowed.

Find a lender

If the lender turns you down.

If one lender turns you down, you can apply to other lenders in the scheme.

You may want to consider using a broker to find the right type of finance for your needs, or do your own research using the British Business Bank’s finance guide.

12th May  

Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme to continue

  • Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme will continue until end of October
  • furloughed workers across UK will continue to receive 80% of their current salary, up to £2,500
  • new flexibility will be introduced from August to get employees back to work and boost economy

In a boost to millions of jobs and businesses, Rishi Sunak said the furlough scheme would be extended by a further four months with workers continuing to receive 80% of their current salary.

From the start of August, furloughed workers will be able to return to work part-time with employers being asked to pay a percentage towards the salaries of their furloughed staff.

The employer payments will substitute the contribution the government is currently making, ensuring that staff continue to receive 80% of their salary, up to £2,500 a month.

More information here

From our perspective at M&S, probably the most important factor is the indication that employees will be allowed to work as part of the process and that more details will follow by the end of the month.

5th May  

Update on Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund and an update for the self-employed about claiming a grant

Self-Employment Grants Update

It will soon be possible for those eligible under the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme to claim their grants.

The service is due to be operational on Wednesday 13 May, although it will not be open to everyone at this stage. The grants will then be paid out by 25 May, or six working days after the claim is made.

HMRC are now  starting to contact those eligible for the scheme by email, SMS or letter.  However, if you would prefer to take the initiative , you can use HMRC’s online tool to confirm your eligibility and be told the date that you can make your claim.   This can be found here

Although no claims can be made yet, there are steps that can be taken to ensure that you will be ready to claim as soon as the system goes live.  The most significant of these is that individuals must have their own HMRC Online Account.  For individuals that use a tax adviser to deal with their returns, it may be that you do not have your own account and as advisers will be unable to make the claim on their behalf, this will need to be set up in advance.  The link for setting up an account can be found by following the online tool within the link above and we would recommend that you not only check eligibility but also ensure you have your Government Gateway access in place to minimise the possibility of delays.

Note partners within a partnership will each need to make their own individual claim and set up their own HMRC Online Account.

It is hoped that this service will prove to be as successful as the furlough claim system has been so far.

The  full amount of the grant received is taxable.

Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund, (originally posted on 30th April below...)

Scottish Enterprise and partners today advised that from 5pm on Tuesday 5 May 2020 the Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund will pause to allow detailed assessment of initial applications.  More information here:

30th April  

We have just got this information about the Scottish government's new scheme for helping more businesses.  This covers creative, hospitality etc. plus the newly self-employed and also the Pivotal Enterprise Resilience  Scheme.  It puts some flesh on the bones of the report from the 21st April below. There is obviously quite a lot of work required in preparing your case for the PERF funding, so if you require any help please get in touch with us.  There is quite a lot of reading here, so please scroll down till you find the relevant section for your business. 

Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund

Bespoke, needs-based grant awards for Scottish SME firms that can demonstrate they are vulnerable but can present a strong business case for a viable future. Firms need to prove that they are vital to the local, regional or national economy.

The fund is to support these companies with working capital to help them continue trading or to come out of hibernation when the time is right.

How do you define a vital or pivotal enterprise?

Pivotal means different things in different regions and we will take that into account during the assessment. The application process will allow each applicant to make clear their contribution to the economy and their community. You may provide evidence of your unique status or links to key workers and key sectors such as food suppliers or how you are of integral importance to local communities.

Successful applicants will be able to provide evidence of, or demonstrate impact in, one or more of the following areas:

  • Supporting Scotland’s productive capacity – through wage levels, employment, exports, Research & Development and innovation
  • Local economic importance which would include areas such as, employee numbers relative to place, delivery of essential services, wider economic and community value, plus the socio-economic importance of the business in remote and rural areas
  • Leverage on wider business community by demonstrating the impacts of your business on supply chain at a local, regional and national level
  • Being a supplier or potential supplier to NHS or other COVID-19 vital services
  • Being a supplier to other essential businesses
  • Demonstrating a need to rapidly scale up or diversify due to COVID-19

Essential eligibility criteria

  • Companies with up to 249 employees that have been trading successfully prior to Covid19
  • Less than £43.689 million turnover or balance sheet total of £37.572 million
  • Can demonstrate the funding will support the business to be viable
  • Not in financial difficulty before 31 December 2019
  • Must have business bank account

For the Pivotal Company Resilience Fund, applicants must provide:

  • Bank Details (You will be asked to upload a copy of a recent bank statement that is less than 3 months old and shows: account name, sort code and account number)
  • Financial information including turnover figure from last year 
  • Last audited accounts if available or latest management accounts
  • 12 month cash flow projection (a template will be provided)
  • Information on other financial support including COVID-19 funding
  • Explain in what way you are pivotal to the local, regional or national economies
  • Information on how the grant be used and how it will help sustain or expand trading

Other important information for the Pivotal Company Resilience Fund:

  • Levels of employment and wages going into the local area will be considered when assessing applications and prioritising funding.  This means, for example, that companies employing less than 10 full-time equivalents (FTEs) in the city centres of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dundee are unlikely to be successful unless they can demonstrate a substantial impact on the city, regional or national economies.
  • Only one application will be accepted per company or group regardless of  the number of branches, subsidiaries or parent bodies
  • Human Rights Due Diligence checks will be required for grant applications over £100,000.
  • Grant should be for working capital to help meet a cash flow gap and secure your future in the medium-term. These can include payments for rent, wages, directors’ salaries, heat, light & power, materials, transport, financing costs-VAT/HMRC, creditor payment.
  • The grant can augment other funding from Government and other sources.

Demonstrate that you are vital to the local, regional or national economy:

In this section of the application form, you should provide a brief outline of the wider contribution that your business makes to your local community or region of Scotland. As above, this could include benefits that extend to other businesses, local supply chains, associated employment and wider social and community benefits.

In addition, any benefits associated with increased R&D activity, innovation, export potential, increased productivity, diversity and equality, skills and training, supply chain opportunities and a net zero carbon economy could also be included.

Creative, Tourism & Hospitality Enterprises Hardship Fund

This Fund is for small creative, tourism and hospitality companies that are experiencing hardship because they are ineligible for other COVID-19 Government grant support. The focus is to help companies manage cashflow commitment for the next three months, and those furloughing staff are still eligible to apply.

Grants of up to £25,000 can be accessed in addition to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. However, those that have accessed other support will not be eligible. For example, if you already qualify for the retail hospitality and leisure £25,000 funding you would not be eligible.

Essential eligibility criteria

  • Companies with up to 49 employees
  • Experienced at least a 50% loss of current or projected revenue
  • Not in financial difficulty before 31 December 2019
  • Not in receipt of other COVID-19 government grant support, except the Furlough Scheme
  • Not for pre-revenue companies
  • Must have a business bank account

For the Creative, Tourism and Hospitality Enterprises Hardship Fund companies must provide:

  • Company information
  • Bank Details (You will be asked to upload a copy of a recent bank statement that is a less than 3 months old and shows: account name, sort code and account number)
  • Financial information including turnover figure from last year
  • 3 month cash flow projection (a template will be provided)

The grant is needs based. Successful applicants will be able to provide evidence of or demonstrate:

  • Financial hardship due to COVID-19

What else will we need from you?

To allow us to check you are eligible for the funding you will be asked to provide one of the following:

  • Registration Number - provided by Companies House (CRN), Charities Commission, Mutuals, Public Register and other statutory and regulatory bodies that you must file accounts and annual membership details with.


  • UK VAT Number – If you are VAT registered, supply your number.


  • Unique Tax Reference Number - If you do not have a Company Registration Number or a VAT registration number as detailed above, you should provide your HMRC Corporation Tax Unique Taxpayer Reference or HMRC Self-Assessment Unique Taxpayer Reference, as appropriate for your entity. You will be asked to scan and upload a copy of this document.

Employee numbers

You will be asked to provide your full-time equivalent (FTE) job numbers:

  • a full-time job is one of 30 hours or more per week
  • a part-time job is one of at least 15 hours per week
  • two part-time jobs count as one full-time equivalent job
  • we do not accept zero-hour contracts as eligible permanent jobs

Turnover/balance sheet

You will be asked to provide various pieces of financial information including your turnover figure from last year. You will be asked to complete a cash flow template and asked to upload your latest accounts that have been filed. You will also be asked for your latest management accounts that cover the period to date that are not covered by the latest accounts that have been filed.

Demonstrate you are vital to the local, regional or national economy

For those applying for the Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund, this section should provide a brief outline of the wider contribution that your business makes to your local/region of Scotland.

This could include benefits that extend to other businesses, local supply chains, associated employment and wider social and community benefits.

In addition, any benefits associated with increased R&D activity, innovation, export potential, increased productivity, diversity and equality, skills and training, supply chain opportunities and a net zero carbon economy could also be included.

Fair Work First

You will be asked if you are or are committed to becoming a Fair Work First employer. Fair Work First means investment in skills and training, no inappropriate use of zero hours contracts, action on gender pay, genuine workforce engagement, including with trade unions, and payment of the real Living Wage. The real Living Wage is currently £9.30 per hour and is based on the cost of living. More information can be found at

Business size

You will be asked to confirm you are a Micro, Small or Medium Enterprise. The definition of these are set out below:


  • fewer than 10 full-time equivalent employees; and either
  • an annual turnover of no more than €2 million; or balance sheet total of no more than €2 million.

Small enterprise

  • fewer than 50 full-time equivalent employees; and either
  • an annual turnover of no more than €10 million; or balance sheet total of no more than €10 million.

Medium enterprise

  • fewer than 250 full-time equivalent employees; and either
  • an annual turnover of no more than €50 million; or a balance sheet total of no more than €43 million.

We can only accept one application per company or group if you have different branches, subsidiaries or parent bodies.  If you are part of a group, to calculate the overall SME qualification you must combine the data (staff FTEs, turnover and balance sheet from last approved accounts) for each of the following:

  • Enterprises that have a shareholding of between 25% - 50% in your enterprise or in which you hold a 25% -50% shareholding (add the relevant percentage for each to 100% of the main applicant data)
  • Enterprises that have a shareholding of 50.1% or above in your enterprise, or in which you hold a 50.1% shareholding, are considered linked by majority control and 100% of the data of each must be combined.
  • The same principle applies if a majority control (over 50.1%) is exercised through voting rights, legal or contractual rights that exercise a dominant influence.
  • You are only considered an SME if the combined data is still with the thresholds.  You must be no more than 249 combined employees but one or other of turnover (€50 million) or balance sheet total (€43 million) can be exceeded.
  • If you have just exceeded the SME threshold in the last year due to an exceptional year, you could still qualify, if this was just temporary.

For further guidance refer to the European Commission’s User Guide to the SME Definition.

Authorised Signatory

  • Director: a registered director of a company;
  • Trustee: a registered trustee of a charity;
  • Partner: a designated partner/member of a limited liability partnership or a legal partner within a business;
  • Proprietor: owner of a business.


Information on all grant awards will be published on the European Commission Competition database. Information on all grant payments over £25,000 will also be published on the Scottish Enterprise website. This is required to comply with our legal obligations.

Scottish Enterprise is subject to the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 and may be obliged to release information about your application or grant award in response to any requests received.

State Aid

Confirmation of State aid received under the Covid-19 Temporary Framework for UK Authorities measure and Undertaking in Difficulty Status

Following the outbreak of the Coronavirus, the European Commission has approved schemes to aid businesses affected by the Coronavirus outbreak on the basis of their Temporary Framework, including the Covid-19 Temporary Framework measure for the UK. The maximum level of aid that a company may receive is €800 000 (€120,000 per undertaking active in the fishery and aquaculture sector or €100,000 per undertaking active in the primary production of agricultural products). This is across all UK measures under the terms of the European Commission’s Temporary Framework.

Provide details of any other funding your business has received

In your application you are required to declare any aid already approved under the Temporary Framework. The Euro equivalent of the Sterling aid amount is calculated using the Commission exchange rate applicable on the date the aid is offered. Daily rates can be found here

Any aid provided under this measure will be relevant if you wish to apply, or have applied, for any other aid based on the European Commission’s Temporary Framework. You will need to declare this amount to any other aid awarding body who requests information from you on how much aid you have received. You must retain the award letter for four years after the conclusion of the UK’s transition from the EU and produce it on any request from the UK public authorities or the European Commission.

Aid may be granted to undertakings that were not in difficulty (within the meaning of Article 2(18) of the General Block Exemption Regulation on 31 December 2019, but that faced difficulties or entered in difficulty thereafter as a result of the Covid-19 outbreak. This aid is in addition to any aid that you may be have received under the De Minimis regulation allowing aid of up to €200,000 (€30,000 per undertaking active in the fishery and aquaculture sector or €20,000 per undertaking active in the primary production of agricultural products) to any one organisation over a three fiscal year period (i.e. your current fiscal year and previous two fiscal years), and any other approved aid you have received under other State aid rules, such as aid granted under the General Block Exemption Regulation.

Undertakings in Difficulty Assessment

Source: Section 2(18) General Block Exemption Regulations

In your application you will be asked to declare that on 31 December 2019, you did not meet any of the criteria to be considered an undertaking in difficulty.

2 (18) ‘undertaking in difficulty’ means an undertaking in respect of which at least one of the following circumstances occurs:

(a) In the case of a limited liability company (other than an SME that has been in existence for less than three years or, for the purposes of eligibility for risk finance aid, an SME within 7 years from its first commercial sale that qualifies for risk finance investments following due diligence by the selected financial intermediary), where more than half of its subscribed share capital has disappeared as a result of accumulated losses. This is the case when deduction of accumulated losses from reserves (and all other elements generally considered as part of the own funds of the company) leads to a negative cumulative amount that exceeds half of the subscribed share capital. For the purposes of this provision, ‘limited liability company’ refers in particular to the types of company mentioned in Annex I of Directive 2013/34/EU (1) and ‘share capital’ includes, where relevant, any share premium.


b) In the case of a company where at least some members have unlimited liability for the debt of the company (other than an SME that has been in existence for less than three years or, for the purposes of eligibility for risk finance aid, an SME within 7 years from its first commercial sale that qualifies for risk finance investments following due diligence by the selected financial intermediary), where more than half of its capital as shown in the company accounts has disappeared as a result of accumulated losses. For the purposes of this provision, ‘a company where at least some members have unlimited liability for the debt of the company’ refers in particular to the types of company mentioned in Annex II of Directive 2013/34/EU.


(c) Where the undertaking is subject to collective insolvency proceedings or fulfils the criteria under its domestic law for being placed in collective insolvency proceedings at the request of its creditors.


(d) Where the undertaking has received rescue aid and has not yet reimbursed the loan or terminated the guarantee or has received restructuring aid and is still subject to a restructuring plan.

Creative or Tourism and Hospitality Enterprises Hardship Fund

What does this involve?

This fund is designed for companies that are ineligible for other COVID-19 grant support or are not yet in receipt of the funds they need to survive. 

Am I eligible?

You must meet these criteria in order to apply:

  • Your company has up to 49 employees
  • You have experienced at least a 50% loss of current or projected revenue
  • You were not in financial difficulty before 31 December 2019
  • You are not in receipt of other COVID-19 government support, except the Furlough Scheme
  • You are not a pre-revenue company
  • You have a business bank account

What does this cost?

There is no cost to apply

Who is this for?

This is for small Scottish creative, tourism and hospitality businesses who have experienced at least 50% loss of current or projected revenue as a result of COVID-19.

How long does this take?

It will take up to 10 working days from application to appraisal and funds being released for approved applications.

Important information

Before you apply you must meet some criteria and have detailed information to hand. You will need to:

  • meet our stated eligibility criteria
  • have a business bank account
  • provide a bank statement from your business bank account that is less than 3 months old
  • provide a Companies House registration number if you are a registered business
  • provide a VAT registration number if you are registered for VAT
  • provide the following information to complete a 3 month cash flow table: any invoicing discount drawdown, net debtors receipts, VAT, funding from Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, funding from Coronavirus Interruption Loan Scheme, any other COVID 19 grants or other grants, any other income; cost of wages and salaries, PAYE/NI costs, pension costs, employee expenses, HP payments, corporate credit card payments due, non-stock supplier direct debits, supplier direct debits, bank term loan repayments, bank charges & Interest, Supplier payments, any other monthly payments, overdraft limit.

Your application will not be successful if you are applying on behalf of a non-supported sector: Gambling and betting activities, manufacture, repair or distribution of weapons and ammunition, manufacture, repair or distribution of military fighting vehicles

Next steps

Read our detailed guidance notes for applicants

Then visit our partner site to start your application.  

The volume of applications going through this site is extremely high and you may have difficulty getting through to the application form at the present time. You may wish to try later.

Newly Self-Employed Hardship Fund

What does this involve?

You need to apply in your Local Authority area. You may only apply to this fund once. 

You will be asked to provide documentary evidence of your status and eligibility for the grant. Local authorities will then determine whether you meet the criteria, which has been set by the Scottish Government.

You will need to provide: 

  • documentation to show you had an active business prior to COVID-19, such as your VAT registration, bank account statements showing revenue and outgoings linked to self-employment, marketing materials, etc. A full list is provided with the application form.
  • self-declaration that you are currently experiencing hardship
  • evidence of being resident in the local authority area of application

Successful applicants will receive a one-off payment of £2,000.

Am I eligible?

You must sign a declaration confirming that you meet all of the following criteria:

  • you became self-employed on/after 6 April 2019 (did not submit a tax return including income from self-employment for 2018-19)
  • over 50% of your individual income is from self-employment
  • your trading profits were below £50,000 in financial year 2019-20
  • you have lost business due to coronavirus and are suffering financial hardship as a result
  • you are ineligible for other COVID-19 related business support (including the Business Interruption Loan Schemes, Corporate Finance Fund, Job Retention Schemes, Future Fund, R&D Focussed SMEs Fund, HMRC Self-Employment Income Support Scheme, Non-Domestic Rates relief, Small Business Grant or other business support)
  • you do not receive working age benefit payments (Universal Credit, Statutory Sick Pay, Employment and Support Allowance, Job Seekers’ Allowance, Income Support) or have applied for but not yet started receiving Universal Credit
  • you trade as self-employed, not as a limited company or partnership
  • you have taken steps to limit costs and expenditure (including through schemes such as VAT deferral and seeking a mortgage payment holiday)
  • you do not have access to sufficient savings or other sources of income to meet basic needs

What does this cost?

There is no cost to apply

How long does this take?

Up to 10 working days from application to appraisal and funds being released for approved applications.

Important information

If you receive the grant you can continue to work or take on other employment including voluntary work.

Next steps

You can apply direct through your local authority's website.



23rd April

What do you need to provide to HMRC to make a claim via the Job Retention Scheme?

HMRC has published a step-by-step guide explaining the information that employers need to provide to HMRC to make a claim through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS). It also describes the processes involved.

View it as this link:

22nd April

Government launches new coronavirus business support finder tool

A new ‘support finder’ tool will help businesses and self-employed people across the UK to quickly and easily determine what financial support is available to them during the coronavirus pandemic.  We think it's actually pretty good:  if you are unsure of what support you might be able to receive, you can access the tool here:

21st April

Scottish Government provides some more information on their additional scheme to help the self-employed.

When this was announced, the level of detail provided was slight and this update, while definitely giving us more information and also telling us these grants will be paid in May, still leaves many questions unanswered, not least:

Will Owner Managed Businesses (Ltd companies, especially SMEs) be covered?

Who decides what is a "pivotal" or "vital" business?

What constitutes a "creative" business?

Given that applications can be made by the end of April, it is optimistic to say that recipients will then be paid early in May?  We hope not: many businesses need all the help they can get.

This is what the SG's website tells us:

"Support for the newly self-employed and firms suffering hardship to be paid in early May.  

Economy Secretary Fiona Hyslop has confirmed that grant funding for the newly self-employed suffering hardship and SMEs in distress will be available in the coming days.

The £100 million fund to support the self-employed and SMEs announced last week will be broken into three separate funds as follows:

• £34 million Newly Self-Employed Hardship Fund, managed by Local Authorities, will be allocated to the newly self-employed facing hardship through £2,000 grants
• £20 million Creative, Tourism & Hospitality Enterprises Hardship Fund, managed by the Enterprise Agencies in partnership with Creative Scotland and VisitScotland for creative, tourism and hospitality companies not in receipt of business rates relief
• £45 million Pivotal Enterprise Resilience Fund, managed by the Enterprise Agencies for vulnerable SME firms who are vital to the local or national economic foundations of Scotland

The Scottish Government is also providing £1 million to top up Creative Scotland’s Bridging Bursaries in the not-for-profit sector.

Speaking in parliament, Ms Hyslop also confirmed that the grant funding will be open for applications by the end of April, and that recipients will receive funds in early May.

She said:

“This funding is intended to relieve the hardship of individuals and smaller firms that are ineligible for support from the UK Government or are not in receipt yet of the funds they need to survive.

“Our hospitality, tourism and creative sectors have been decimated by this crisis and previously profitable businesses have seen demand dry up overnight.

“However, because of the decisions the Scottish Government has taken, thousands more self-employed people and small businesses will be able to benefit from support compared with elsewhere, and we have been able to help sectors of the economy that are not being supported in other parts of the UK.  

“As well as dealing with this immediate crisis, we must look to the future. We must ensure that those businesses with a part to play in strengthening resilience in Scotland’s economy survive this crisis and thrive in future, which is why £45 million is being allocated to those firms.

“We continue to engage with businesses on a regular basis to understand their needs and press the UK Government to deliver for them.”


The recently self-employed, who are excluded from the UK’s scheme but suffering hardship, will be able to receive £2,000 grants. For creative, tourism and hospitality companies of up to 50 employees not receiving business rates relief, there will be rapid access £3,000 hardship grants or larger grants up to £25,000 where it can be demonstrated support is needed. The support and larger grants for pivotal SME enterprises will depend on the specific need of the enterprise and be developed by the relevant enterprise agency with wraparound business advice and support."


15th April

Furlough Start Date Extension

Originally, individuals had to be employed on 28 February 2020 in order to be eligible for the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, but in order to allow more individuals to benefit the date has been extended to 19 March 2020 (the day before the scheme was announced).

The new eligibility rules mean that employers can claim for furloughed employees that were employed and on their PAYE payroll on or before 19 March 2020. This means that the employee must have been notified to HMRC through an RTI submission notifying payment in respect of that employee on or before 19 March 2020.

This is a welcome change, that is expected to benefit over 200,000 employees that were previously expected to miss out, but we should caution that the reality is that we don't think this will benefit as many people as might be thought. The key aspect is that there must have been a submission to HMRC by 19 March. Most monthly-paid employees in March would have been paid after 19 March when the RTI submission referred to would have been made. This has been done to prevent abuse of the system but it will still almost certainly mean that lots of employees are excluded unless they are paid weekly or mid month.

Newly self employed support

The Scottish Government is launching a second phase of its business support package (see: to help mitigate the impact of coronavirus.

A £100 million fund is being made available for newly self-employed people and viable micro and SME businesses in distress due to the coronavirus pandemic. It will open for applications by the end of April.
This aims to protect recently self-employed people and businesses who are ineligible for other Scottish Government or UK Government schemes.

On first reading perhaps a glimmer of hope here for Owner Managed Businesses, as it does say it will be extended to those who don’t already qualify for relief announced previously but equally we wouldn’t want to create false hope as the exclusion of OMBs from any financial support has been pretty emphatic up to just now. We’ ll continue to investigate and let you know as soon as the position becomes clearer.

14th April

Self-employed (Sole Trader, NOT Owner Managed Business) and wondering how much you might get from the government?

Here is the announcement from HMRC's website:

How HMRC works out total income and trading profits for the Self-employment Income Support Scheme

Find out how HMRC will work out your income and profits if you're self-employed or a member of a partnership in the UK and have lost profits due to coronavirus (COVID-19).

HMRC will assess your eligibility for the grant based on your total income and trading profits. This guide details how we do this.

You can use this guide to find out if you’re eligible and how much you may get.

Trading profits

We will use the figures on your tax returns for your total trading income (turnover), then deduct any allowable business expenses and capital expenditure.

Allowable expenses include:

It also includes:

  • any business expenses deducted through the trading allowance
  • capital allowances, used to buy assets used in your business
  • qualifying care relief
  • flat rate expenses

We will not deduct from your trading profits:

  • any losses carried forward from previous years
  • your personal allowance

Example 1

If your total trading income (turnover) in each of the tax years 2016 to 2017, 2017 to 2018 and 2018 to 2019 was £20,000, and you claimed the £1,000 trading allowance each year.

This is worked out as:

  1. £20,000 deduct the trading allowance of £1,000 = £19,000
  2. Multiply £19,000 by 3 = £57,000
  3. Divide £57,000 by 3 = £19,000

Your average trading profit would be £19,000.

If you have more than one trade in the same tax year

We will add together all profits and losses for all these trades to work out your trading profit.

Example 2

If you only traded in the tax year 2018 to 2019, and made a £60,000 profit for your first trade, and then a £20,000 loss for your second trade, your trading profit for that year would be:

Trade 1 £60,000 profit deduct trade 2 £20,000 loss = £40,000

If you traded for more than one year

To work out your average trading profit we will add together all profits and losses for all tax years you’ve had continuous trade.

Example 3

If you made:

  • £60,000 profit in tax year 2016 to 2017
  • £60,000 profit in tax year 2017 to 2018
  • £30,000 loss in tax year 2018 to 2019
  1. Add £60,000 and £60,000 then deduct £30,000 loss = £90,000
  2. Then divide £90,000 by 3

Your average trading profit for the 3 tax years would be £30,000.

Example 4

If you did not trade in tax year 2016 to 2017 but made:

  • £25,000 of profit in tax year 2017 to 2018
  • £45,000 of profit in tax year 2018 to 2019
  1. Add £25,000 and £45,000 = £70,000
  2. Then divide £70,000 by 2

Your average trading profit for the 2 tax years would be £35,000.

Total income

Your total income is the total of all your:

  • income from earnings
  • trading profits
  • property income
  • dividends
  • savings income
  • pension income
  • miscellaneous income (including social security income)


Your trading profits must be no more than £50,000 and more than half of your total income for either:

  • the tax year 2018 to 2019
  • the average of the tax years 2016 to 2017, 2017 to 2018, and 2018 to 2019

Example 5

  2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 Average for the 3 tax years
Trading profit £50,000 £50,000 -£10,000 £30,000
Pension income £15,000 £15,000 £15,000 £15,000
Total income £65,000 £65,000 £5,000 £45,000
Trading profit are more than half of your total income Yes Yes No Yes

So even if you made a loss in the tax year 2018 to 2019, you would still be eligible for the grant because your average trading profit for the 3 tax years:

  • is £30,000 - which is less than £50,000
  • is more than half of your total income of £45,000

9th April

Furloughed Employees – Calculating the Grant

With many employers having now identified which members of their staff are to be furloughed, the next question has become, what grant are they entitled to?  The answer depends on whether the employee is salaried and received a regular wage, or whether there pay varies.

Salaried employees        -              The grant will be 80% of the employee’s regular wages up to the cap of £2,500.

Variable employees        -              The grant will be 80% of the higher of the following (again capped at £2,500):                                                            

  • The same month’s earnings from the previous year
  • The average monthly earnings for the tax year ended 5 April 2020

Where a variable employee has not worked for 12 months and therefore the above rule cannot be applied, the claim should be based on 80% of their average monthly earnings since they started work.

Some examples of how this will apply in practice are set out below:

Salaried Employee – Example 1

Where an employee receives an annual salary of £24,000.

Monthly salary


80% of salary


Below cap?


Furloughed Wage




Furloughed wage


Employer’s NIC


Total Grant*


From the total grant, £1,600 is paid over to the employee and the balance is used to settle the employer’s NIC due on the furloughed wage.

Salaried Employee – Example 2

Where an employee receives an annual salary of £45,000.

Monthly salary


80% of salary


Below cap?


Furloughed Wage




Furloughed wage


Employer’s NIC


Total Grant*


From the total grant, £2,500 is paid over to the employee and the balance is used to settle the employer’s NIC due on the furloughed wage.

Variable Employee – Example 1

Where an employee has been employed for more than 12 months and received the following:

  • Average wage of £1,800 per month last year (based on total wages of £21,600 for full year)
  • A wage of £2,100 in April 2019

Higher salary out of above


80% of salary


Below cap?


Furloughed Wage




Furloughed wage


Employer’s NIC


Total Grant*


From the total grant, £1,680 is paid over to the employee and the balance is used to settle the employer’s NIC due on the furloughed wage.

Variable Employee – Example 2

Where an employee started on 1 September 2019 and earned £15,400 up to 31 March 2020.

Average salary to date


80% of salary


Below cap?


Furloughed Wage




Furloughed wage


Employer’s NIC


Total Grant*


From the total grant, £1,680 is paid over to the employee and the balance is used to settle the employer’s NIC due on the furloughed wage.

8th April

Job Retention Scheme Update:  HMRC announces date

HMRC has informed the accountancy profession that they are aiming for a 20th April start date for claims. Businesses will need the following information on each of their furloughed employees:

 *   National Insurance number
 *   salary, National Insurance and pension contribution information that allows business to calculate the claim amount.

If you have not already done so, you need to enrol for PAYE online services. This can take up to 10 days. If you have a Government Gateway login you should check to make sure you have access to PAYE for employers and if not, request for this to be added to your account.

Follow the guidance here:

6th April

Please note that the new number for all Covid 19 enquiries to HMRC is 0800 024 1222.

3rd April

Guide to Home Working – What Can You Claim? 

Following advice from the government in response to the coronavirus, more and more businesses have transitioned to allow their staff to work from home.  This leads to these businesses incurring new expenses and raises the question of “What costs can we claim?” for many, particularly those that have home workers for the first time.

Before looking at the particular expenses, it is important to note that costs cannot be claimed for furloughed employees, but only those that are carrying out work from the company from home, be it because the office has closed or they are self-isolating.  With that in mind, the tax position for some of the more common costs home working is likely to incur is:

Mobile Phones: It is possible to provide each employee with one mobile phone (including SIM card package). This is deductible for the business and does not create a taxable benefit for the employee (regardless of any private use of the mobile).

Broadband: If an employee already pays for broadband, no additional expenses can be claimed. If you were to pay this for the employee, it would create a taxable benefit for them. If an employee does not have broadband at home already, the costs for this can be reimbursed so long as any non-business use is minimal.

Providing equipment (laptops, tablets, computers etc): Provided there is not significant private use of the equipment, there is no taxable benefit to the employee for having use of it.

Purchasing equipment: If an employee is required to purchase equipment (e.g. a laptop) to enable them to work from home, this can be reimbursed by the business. The tax treatment for this is the same regular purchases of equipment. So long as there is not significant private use of the equipment, and it will not be retained by employee after home working has ceased, there is no taxable benefit on the employee.

Electricity and Heating: It is possible to give employees £4 per week (£6 per week from 6 April) to cover the additional costs incurred without any tax consequences. This cost also qualifies as a deduction for the business.

For equipment, to ensure that you are complying with non-significant private use, it is recommended that a policy on this is set and made clear to any employees that private use should be minimal.

If you opt to allow for more than insignificant private use of company equipment, or plan to reimburse your employees over and above the “tax-free” rates, this creates a taxable benefit for the employee. These should be reported through a PAYE Settlement Agreement (PSA), through which the business can settle the tax and NIC that would usually be payable be the employee themselves.  This means that the employee is no adverse effect on the employees.

Employee Loans

During the pandemic, employers may wish to offer their employees the benefit of a salary advance, or an interest free (or low interest) loan.  These are considered employment related loans, and provided the amount loaned is less than £10,000, there are no tax consequences for the employee.

Any loans in excess of this should be subject to the HMRC official rate of interest (currently 2.5% pa).

HMRC have published guidance on all these matters and this can be found here:

27th March

Further, important update re the self-employed

We promised you some more detail after yesterday's announcement.  Here it is:

Last night Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced the 'Self-Employed Income Support Scheme' to those affected by the impact of COVID-19 which he said was equivalent to the furlough scheme for those paid via PAYE.  Here are the key points:

The new grant is available to self-employed individuals or members of a partnership that meet the following criteria:

 *   Have submitted an Income Tax Self Assessment tax return for the tax year 18/19 and traded in tax year 19/20
 *   Would be trading currently, if it wasn't for the COVID-19 pandemic
 *   Intend to continue trading in 20/21 tax year
 *   Have lost trading/partnership profits due to the COVID-19 pandemic
 *   Majority of earnings (over half of your income) must come from self-employment
 *   Having trading (net) profits of up to £50,000, averaged over the last 3 years (less than 3 years if they don't have that history)
If you have not submitted your Income Tax Self-Assessment tax return for the tax year 2018-19, you must do this by 23 April 2020 to allow HMRC to assess your eligibility.
You will not be eligible if you have only recently become self-employed, i.e. commenced after 6 April 2019.

What you'll be entitled to if you meet the above criteria:

 *   You will receive a taxable grant of 80% of the average profits from the tax years applicable
 *   Up to a maximum of £2,500 per month, the same limit as furlough workers through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme
 *   This will run for the next three months and may be extended, if needed
 *   It will also be backdated to the 1 March 2020
 *   Grants will be paid in one lump sum covering all three months, and will start to be paid by HMRC at the beginning of June.

How eligible individuals apply:

 *   You cannot apply for this scheme yet. HMRC will contact you if you are eligible and invite you to apply online.
 *   You do not need to contact them before they do so as they are urgently working to get things up and running.

Further update on how to claim for wage costs through job retention scheme

HMRC have released the details of how to claim for wage costs through the coronavirus job retention scheme<>.

The main points are:

 *   You can claim for employees full-time, part-time, agency and zero hours or flexible contracts
 *   Employees must have been on your payroll at 28 February 2020
 *   Scheme will also cover employees who were made redundant since 28 February 2020, if they are rehired
 *   To be eligible for the subsidy employers should write to their employee confirming that they have been furloughed and keep a record of this communication.
 *   The employees cannot work while under furlough, this includes providing any services or generating revenue for the employer
 *   Employees on reduced hours/pay are no eligible for this scheme and you will have to continue paying the employee through your payroll and pay their salary subject to the terms of the employment contract. This means they cannot be paid the reduced wage and 'topped up' to 80%.
 *   While on furlough the employees wage will be subject to income tax and national insurance.
 *   If your employees is on sick leave or self-isolating they should get Statutory Sick Pay, but can be furloughed after this.
 *   If your employee has more than one employer then they can be furloughed for each job.
 *   Full 80% must be paid to the employee
 *   All other aspects of employment law continue to apply such as maternity and paternity rights, accrual of holiday pay etc.
 *   Paid on either the average monthly wage in the year ending 5 April 2020 or March 2019 wage if higher
 *   For employees starting after 6 April 2019 it is paid on average monthly earnings since starting

How to claim

Employers need to make a claim for wage costs through this scheme.

You will receive a grant from HMRC to cover the lower of 80% of an employee's regular gross wage or £2,500 per month, plus the associated Employer National Insurance contributions and minimum automatic enrolment employer pension contributions on that subsidised wage. Fees, commission and bonuses should not be included.
At a minimum, employers must pay their employee the lower of 80% of their regular wage or £2,500 per month. An employer can also choose to top up an employee's salary beyond this but is not obliged to under this scheme.
A claim will be permitted every 3 weeks. Payments will be made direct to the employer and it will be taxable income of the employer. HMRC will issue more guidance on how employers should calculate their claims for Employer National Insurance Contributions and minimum automatic enrolment employer pension contributions, before the scheme becomes live.

Limited Company, Owner Managed Business? 

A resume of what you need to know.

If you own your own business, the announcement of the 'Self-Employed Income Support Scheme' to those affected by the impact of COVID-19 was welcome for some but not others.  In particular, this will not apply to directors who run their own limited company who are classed as employees.  If this is you, read on…

To be the most tax efficient, most directors receive a minimum salary which is topped up with dividends.  And as an employee, technically, directors will be eligible for the Job Retention Scheme whereby you can be furloughed and receive 80% of your salary.  However, there are two practical problems.
 1.  Under this scheme directors cannot work: work is classed as providing services or generating revenue (unlike the rest of the self-employed, who can continue to work).
 2.  Directors would only receive 80% of their salary under PAYE, which is normally at low levels - note dividends are not included!

What other options are there?

Grants - only businesses with premises and receiving Small Business Rates Relief are eligible for a grant of £10,000. This will not be available to any businesses working from home, or with larger premises.

There is a £25,000 grant, but only for those businesses with a property with a rateable value of between £18,000 and £51,000 and it is only available for those businesses in the leisure, hospitality or retail sectors.

These grants are available online via your council website.

Loans - The business interruption loan is available which is available through your bank with an 80% guarantee from the government.  There has been some backlash towards some banks however because some of them are still requesting personal guarantees. It is likely that business plans/cashflows will be required to support the application and demonstrate the viability of the business. If you are a M&S client, and given the seriousness of the situation, this is a service we would be happy to assist with at no cost.

All of this means that, very frustratingly, owner managed businesses currently have no significant measures available to them.

What can you do?

In order to survive the next few months, cashflow will be vital.
 *   Credit control - keep on top of any customers due you money
 *   If you can work you may want to consider offering a discount for early payment
 *   Raise invoices as soon as possible
 *   Speak to your suppliers and ask for increased payment terms, discounts
 *   Contact your utility provider - are you on the best tariff, any reductions available
 *   Review all your costs and reduce all that you can
 *   Furlough staff if necessary
 *   Look for ways to generate new income
 *   Speak to your bank re payment holiday for any loans if applicable
 *   Ask for time to pay for any PAYE due.  Use the VAT deferral.

Personal Finance

 *   Request a mortgage holiday
 *   Review costs - are you on the best tariff for your utilities
 *   Contact council tax office - councils can defer payments

If you want to chat about how your business has been affected, please do not hesitate to contact us.

26th March

Financial Support for the Self Employed (winners and losers)

With public pressure growing, the Chancellor announced this evening the government's plans for supporting those who are self-employed.  More details on the support package are sure to follow in the coming days, but the main principle of the measure is that, much like the measures for employees, self-employed individuals will be eligible to receive taxable grants worth 80% of their average monthly profits (capped at £2,500 per month).

The monthly payment will be calculated based on an average of the profits included on the individual's tax returns for the last 3 years.   If you have only traded and submitted tax returns for a year or two, then the average for those periods will also be taken into account.   For those that have not yet submitted their return for the year ended 5 April 2019, they will have 4 weeks from today to do so in order to be included under the scheme.

Unfortunately, not all self-employed individuals will be eligible for this scheme.  Only those with profits up to £50,000 and those whose self-employment profits make up the majority of their income will receive the grant.  Additionally, anyone who only became self-employed after 6 April 2019  will not be entitled to any additional support, as it is only those with a submitted 2019 tax return that will be recognised.

HMRC will be in touch directly with those that are eligible to receive the payment, however it is currently expected that this will not happen until early June.  In the meantime, those impacted are encouraged to claim universal credits.  

We'll update you with more information as soon as we've looked in depth at what the Chancellor has said and what it might mean for you.

25th March

Extra three months to file your accounts.

The government has announced that businesses are to be given an extra three months to file their accounts with Companies House to let them prioritise responding to the coronavirus pandemic. 

Under the measures, which came into force today, any company that applies for an extension to file their results citing Covid-19 will automatically and immediately be granted an additional three-months.

24th March

Useful links at Fife Council

Fife Council have updated their website to include a set of articles and links to help businesses at this trying time.  It looks like this:

Fife Council

And you can access it here

23rd March 

On Friday 20th March 2020 Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced a sweeping range of measures to be introduced over the coming days, weeks and months. Here is a summary of the main measures he announced:

 *   Government to pay 80% of wages for employees temporarily not able to work, up to £2,500 per employee per month. The payment will be in the form of a grant available from HMRC, available by the end of April (backdated to 1 March 2020). MORE DETAILS HERE.
 *   For the self-employed, a deferral of personal tax payments due on 31 July 2020, payments deferred until 31 January 2021.  This is an automatic offer with no applications required.  No penalties or interest will be charged in the deferral period
 *   No VAT payable by any business in the quarter to June 2020, with any amount deferred being due by the end of the 20/21 tax year.  All businesses are eligible and it is an automatic offer with no applications required. Vat refunds and reclaims will be paid by HMRC as normal.  VAT returns should still be submitted, any direct debits should be cancelled.
 *   The government's Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme will be interest free for 12 months rather than the initial 6 months, available from Monday (also available to large and medium sized businesses). Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CBILS) - British Business Bank British Business Bank<> .   You should talk to your bank or finance provider (not the British Business Bank) as soon as possible and discuss your business plan with them. This will help your finance provider to act quickly once the Scheme has launched. If you have an existing loan with monthly repayments you may want to ask for a repayment holiday to help with cash flow.
 *   Increase in Universal Credit Standard Allowance of £1,000 for the next 12 months.
 *   Working tax credit basic element increased by £1,000 for the next 12 months.
 *   Housing Benefit and Universal Credit to be enhanced so that the local housing allowance will cover 30% of market rents for renters.
 *   Increase in benefits for self-employed, suspending minimum income floor thereby allowing self-employed access to Universal Credit equivalent to SSP for employees.

Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme

Under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, all UK employers will be able to access support to continue paying part of their employees' salary for those employees that would otherwise have been laid off during this crisis.


All UK businesses are eligible.

How to access the scheme

You will need to:

 *   designate affected employees as 'furloughed workers,' and notify your employees of this change - changing the status of employees remains subject to existing employment law and, depending on the employment contract, may be subject to negotiation
 *   submit information to HMRC about the employees that have been furloughed and their earnings through a new online portal (HMRC will set out further details on the information required)

HMRC will reimburse 80% of furloughed workers wage costs, up to a cap of £2,500 per month.

HMRC are working urgently to set up a system for reimbursement. Existing systems are not set up to facilitate payments to employers.

If you need advice, please don't hesitate to call us.  You can also see the full summary of the government's actions to date here

20th March 

US Tax

This morning, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced via Twitter: that at President Trump’s direction, we are moving Tax Day from April 15 to July 15.

All taxpayers and businesses will have this additional time to file and make payments without interest or penalties.

We expect the IRS will issue official guidance today or Monday, officially extending the deadline.

Individuals and small businesses can also delay paying any federal income tax payments up to $1 million and $10 million, respectively, until July 15, 2020. At this time, we don't know if the IRS will increase the tax payment limitations.

18th March

Getting more time to pay

As a result of the coronavirus outbreak there may be a strain on your business to meet its financial obligations.  However, in order to ease the burden it may be possible for you to request a Time to Pay (TTP) arrangement with HMRC.  A TTP arrangement will provide your businesses with some additional breathing space during these uncertain times to enable you to settle your existing tax liabilities. For many businesses, this could be invaluable. 

More specifically, a TTP will allow you to settle your current tax liabilities in monthly instalments which are agreed with HMRC.  Typically, this means you can spread your payments over a period up to 12 months, depending on your financial circumstances. In order to set up the TTP you will to contact HMRC on 0800 024 1222. ,, at which time they will talk you through your business’s current financial position and set a monthly amount that you both agree that would be manageable for you.

Before you contact HMRC you’ll need to know:

  • Your reference number (i.e. your 10 digit Unique Taxpayer reference, VAT reference or PAYE reference)
  • The amount of tax bill you’re finding difficult to pay and the reasons why
  • What you have done to try and get the money to pay the bill
  • How much you can pay immediately and how long you may need to pay the rest
  • Your bank details

HMRC will ask you about:

  • your income and expenditure
  • your assets, like savings and investments
  • what you’re doing to get your tax payments back in order

As you can imagine the HMRC helpline may well be busy when you telephone but please persevere!

The following steps will be put in place to support businesses during the 2020-21 financial year:
a 100% rates relief for retail, hospitality and leisure sectors on properties with a rateable value of between £18,000 and £51,000.

  • a fixed rates relief of up to £5,000 for all pubs with a rateable value of less than £100,000 from 1 April 2020
  • 1.6% rates relief for all properties across Scotland, effectively reversing the planned below increase from 1 April 2020

The finance secretary will also write to all local authorities urging them to respond positively to requests from rate payers for payment deferrals for a fixed period.  

  • an £80 million fund to provide grants of at least £3,000 to small businesses in sectors facing the worst economic impact of COVID-19 – there are no details for this as yet but we'll update you when we get them.

Support for businesses who are paying sick pay to employees

Small- and medium-sized businesses and employers to reclaim Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) paid for sickness absence due to COVID-19. The eligibility criteria for the scheme will be as follows:

This refund will cover up to 2 weeks’ SSP per eligible employee who has been off work because of COVID-19

Employers with fewer than 250 employees will be eligible

Employers will be able to reclaim expenditure for any employee who has claimed SSP (according to the new eligibility criteria) as a result of COVID-19

Employers should maintain records of staff absences and payments of SSP, but employees will not need to provide a GP fit note

Support for businesses through the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme

A new temporary Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme, delivered by the British Business Bank, will launch next week to support businesses to access bank lending and overdrafts. The government will provide lenders with a guarantee of 80% on each loan (subject to a per-lender cap on claims) to give lenders further confidence in continuing to provide finance to SMEs. The government will not charge businesses or banks for this guarantee, and the Scheme will support loans of up to £5 million in value. Businesses can access the first 6 months of that finance interest free, as government will cover the first 6 months of interest payments.

Support for businesses paying tax

All businesses and self-employed people in financial distress and with outstanding tax liabilities, may be eligible to receive support with their tax affairs through HMRC’s Time To Pay service. These arrangements are agreed on a case-by-case basis and are tailored to individual circumstances and liabilities.

If you are concerned about being able to pay your tax due to COVID-19, call HMRC’s dedicated helpline on 0800 024 1222.  More information is available here.


Businesses that have cover for both pandemics and government-ordered closure should be covered, as the government and insurance industry confirmed on 17 March 2020 that advice to avoid pubs, theatres etc is sufficient to make a claim.  Does your insurance include this?  Please check with your insurer or broker.

Insurance policies differ significantly, so businesses are encouraged to check the terms and conditions of their specific policy and contact their providers. Most businesses are unlikely to be covered, as standard business interruption insurance policies are dependent on damage to property and will exclude pandemics.

The business helpline number is 0800 024 1222. The helpline will be open Monday to Friday 8.30am to 5.30pm – Currently, no further information is available but it looks like this might be in place next week.